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“Sell In May” Might Be A Good Risk Strategy This Year

By Lance RobertsETFsMay 03, 2020 12:41AM ET
“Sell In May” Might Be A Good Risk Strategy This Year
By Lance Roberts   |  May 03, 2020 12:41AM ET
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Biggest Rally Since 1974

Could “Sell In May” be a good risk strategy this year? Maybe, considering we asked a simple question last week: “Is the bear market rally over?”

“That’s the question we have been discussing over the last few weeks. So far, most of it has played out much as expected by turning previous ‘selling panic’ into a ‘buying rush,’ and convincing a vast majority of investors the ‘bull market is back.'”

Just as we have seen in previous “bear market” bounces, the market gains for April were quite stunning with stocks putting in the best one-month advance since 1974.

S&P 500 Monthly % Change
S&P 500 Monthly % Change

These exceedingly large bounces usually occur during bear markets. Unfortunately, in many cases, the majority of those big one-month advances are followed by negative returns.

Timing, as they say, is everything.

Sell In May

My colleague, Jeffrey Hirsch from Stocktraders Almanac, recently penned:

“Despite the sell-off on the last day of April, the Best Six Months has ended on a positive note, registering the best month in decades and the best April since the Great Depression.”

Currently, the primary signal has not crossed into negative territory yet but seems to be heading in that direction. It won’t take but a couple of more days of falling, or stagnating markets, to trigger that signal.

S&P 500 Daily Chart
S&P 500 Daily Chart

While not every “summer period” is negative, the long-term history of investing during the summer months is not stellar.

Growth Of $10,000
Growth Of $10,000

However, the adage “Sell in May” may be more appropriate this year given the state of the actual economy, earnings risk, and a potential revaluation of markets, the odds of a weak summer period has risen markedly. (This is particularly the case as we head into the Presidential election and trade tensions with China are heating up.)

Managing The Risk

Jeff continues:

“The massive rally has surely been impressive and a welcome change from the carnage we experienced in February and March. April 2020 has been the best month since January 1987 for DJIA and S&P 500, and the best April since 1938.

But April’s huge move was not enough to put the Best Six Months (November-April) in the black, and that concerns us. The DJIA was down 10.0% for this Best Six Months period, which ended today, and the S&P 500 lost 4.1%.

When the market is down during the “Best Six Months,” it’s an indication that there are more powerful forces than seasonality at work, and when the bullish season is over, those forces may really have their say.”

Dow Best 6 Months Table
Dow Best 6 Months Table

Following the first back-to-back down Best Six Months since 1973-1974, the market hit a secular bear market low in March 2009. The market made a similar secular bear market bottom in August 1982, which began in 1966. Of course, that bottom came after the infamous 1980s double-dip recession.

Our concern here is that this time around, we’ve only just begun.”

The Risk Starts In May

We can’t disagree with that statement. While there are many hoping that the worst of the economic data is now behind us, I highly suspect it isn’t. As noted in this week’s #MacroView:

“The negative 4.8% decline in GDP in the first quarter was stunning. Importantly, that reading only encapsulated the impact of the economic “shutdown” in that last two weeks of the quarter. Such suggests, considering the entire month of April (1/3rd of the quarter) was a wash, the numbers will worse next quarter.”

GDP Q1 2020 NYT
GDP Q1 2020 NYT

There is a negative feedback loop between employment and consumption. As unemployment rises, consumption falls due to a lack of income. Since businesses operate based on demand for goods and services, the correlation between PCE, fixed investment, and employment is high.”

PCE Fixed Investment Employment
PCE Fixed Investment Employment

“Despite the reopening of the economy, businesses will not immediately return to full operational activity, until consumption returns to more normal levels. Such a recovery is likely going to frustrate policy-makers and the Fed.”

It isn’t just the economic data that is going to be horrid over the next few months, but earnings will likely be just as bad.

Earnings can not live in isolation from the economy.

So goes earnings, so goes the market.

“Sell In May” Starts With Overbought Risk

In the short-term, the markets remain incredibly overbought and extended after the run from the lows.

Previously, I discussed that markets (via SPDR S&P 500 (NYSE:SPY)) had gone from extremely oversold, to extremely overbought during April. This sharp advance pushed the S&P 500 back to its 61.8% retracement level, where it failed on Friday.

SPY ETF Daily Chart
SPY ETF Daily Chart

While the sell-off on Friday did trigger an initial sell-signal, a further decline on Monday will trigger the primary sell-signal in the lower panel. Such would coincide with a break below 2800, and signal the start of a deeper corrective process.

There is currently a lot of “bullishness” built up in the markets, so investors will likely buy dips for now. However, it won’t take long for investors to remember March and head for the exits much sooner this time. So, be careful.

Reversions happen fast.

A Risky Game Of Hope

As we discussed last week, our colleague Jeffrey Marcus made some salient comments about investor’s “risky game of hope.”

“The table shows EPS growth for US companies that have so far reported the 1st quarter. 20% of US companies have reported so far.”

EPS Growth Quarter 1
EPS Growth Quarter 1

“There is only one-month of Covid-19 effect in the 1st quarter. Earnings growth from all 993 companies is -12%, but the price reaction to bad EPS has been stellar. The one-day price reaction to EPS on the day of release is in the lower right quadrant of the table.

As TPA has discussed in previous World Snapshots, the positive price action to negative news is a good sign. The problem is that EPS growth is down 12% with only one-month of the Covid-19 effect. Importantly, this is only 20% of stocks having weighed in; one has to wonder why?

The answer has to be that investors have an awful lot of hope in the power of the FED to keep the tire with a large hole inflated and as the man who taught me how to trade told me, ‘Hope is a bad investment strategy.’”

“Sell In May” Risk Outweighs Reward

What this all suggests is that “risk” still outweighs the potential “reward” of being aggressively invested in the markets.

SPX Daily Chart
SPX Daily Chart

With Friday’s sell-off, the risk/reward ranges remain unfavorable for the “Sell In May” period.

  • -3.0% to 50-dma vs. 4% to the 61.8% retracement. Risk/reward equally balanced.
  • -5.4% to the 38.2% retracement vs. 6% to the 200-dma. Risk/reward equally balanced.
  • -13.4% to the April 1st lows vs. 4-6% higher. Risk/reward out of favor.
  • -21.0% to the March 23rd low: Risk/reward extremely out of favor.

The risk of a downside retracement as we head into summer months outweighs the upside currently. Importantly, this does NOT mean the markets can’t rally to all-time highs. It is possible, just not probable, and as investors, we must weigh our outcomes.

While we are discussing “Selling in May,” such doesn’t mean we are sitting in cash. We continue to remain long our reduced equity exposure and have been buying undervalued opportunities over the last few weeks. However, we are also balancing that equity exposure with offsetting hedges and a larger than average level of cash. We also continue to increase our duration in our bond portfolios as we expect interest rates will head toward ZERO this summer.

As my friend Victor Adair reminded me this week:

“Investors tend to buy the most at the top and the least at the bottom.” – Bob Farrell.

While it’s no guarantee, “Sell In May” just might be a good “risk strategy” to employ this year in particular.

Market and Sector Analysis

Data Analysis Of The Market and Sectors For Traders

S&P 500 Tear Sheet

S&P 500 Tear Sheet
S&P 500 Tear Sheet

Performance Analysis

SP500-Relative Performance-TearSheet
SP500-Relative Performance-TearSheet

Technical Composite

Note: The technical gauge bounced from the lowest level since both the “” and “Financial Crisis.” However, note the gauge bottoms BEFORE the market bottoms. In 2002, the market retested lows. In 2008, there was an additional 22% decline in early 2009.


ETF Model Relative Performance Analysis


Sector and Market Analysis:

Be sure and catch our updates on Major Markets (Monday) and Major Sectors (Tuesday) with updated buy/stop/sell levels


Sector by Sector Charts
Sector by Sector Charts

Improving: Discretionary (NYSE:XLY), and Materials (NYSE:XLB)

As noted last week, there is no rush to get into either Discretionary or Materials stocks until AFTER we get through earnings season. With the economy shut down, the discretionary sector remains high risk, focus on Staples for the time being. Early indications for earnings in the sector are terrible. These sectors are still lagging our primary holdings.

Current Positions: No Positions

Outperforming: Technology (NYSE:XLK), Communications (NYSE:XLC), Staples (NYSE:XLP), Healthcare (NYSE:XLV), Utilities (NYSE:XLU), and Real Estate (NYSE:XLRE)

This past week, we added slightly to our core defensive positions Healthcare (NYSE:HTA), Staples, and Utilities. We continue to hold our exposures in Technology and Communications, which remain at full weight. These sectors are continuing to outperforming the S&P 500 on a relative basis and have less “virus” related exposure.

Current Positions: XLK, XLC, XLP, XLV, XLU

Weakening: None

No sectors in this quadrant.

Current Position: None

Lagging – Industrials (NYSE:XLI), Financials (NYSE:XLF), and Energy (NYSE:XLE)

Financials continue to underperform the market. You can NOT have a lasting bull market rally without financials participating. As we have said previously, this sector, in particular, is THE most sensitive to Fed actions (XLF) and the shutdown of the economy (XLI).

We did start nibbling on exposure in the Energy sector two weeks by adding some minimal positions which have been outperforming relative to the price of oil. It is WAY too early to be overly aggressive in the sector.

Current Position: 1/3rd Position XLE

Market By Market

Market by Market Charts
Market by Market Charts

Small Cap (NYSE:SLY) and Mid Cap (NYSE:MDY):We sold all small-cap and mid-cap exposure earlier this year over concerns of the impact of the coronavirus. We remain out of these sectors for now, and there is no rush to add them anytime soon. Be patient, small, and mid-caps are lagging badly. You can not have a “bull market” without “small and mid-cap” stocks participating. There was a brief moment earlier this week we thought we might be seeing some rotation, but it was as fleeting as a “Big Foot” sighting.

Current Position: None

Emerging, International (NYSE:EEM) and Total International Markets (NYSE:EFA)

Same as Small-cap and Mid-cap. Given the spread of the virus and the impact on the global supply chain.

Current Position: None

S&P 500 Index (Core Holding) – Given the overall uncertainty of the broad market, we previously closed out our long-term core holdings. We will re-add a core once we see a bottom in the market has formed.

Current Position: None

Gold (NYSE:GLD) – We previously added additional exposure to both our VanEck Vectors Gold Miners ETF (NYSE:GDX) and iShares Gold Trust (NYSE:IAU) positions and are comfortable with our exposure currently. With the Fed going crazy with liquidity, this will be good for gold long-term, so we continue to add to our holdings on corrections.

We also added a position in the dollar last week(via the Invesco (NYSE:IVZ) DB US Dollar Index Bullish Fund (NYSE:UUP) as the US dollar shortage continues to rage and is larger than the Fed can offset.

Current Position: 1/2 weight GDX, 2/3rd weight IAU, 1/2 weight UUP

Bonds (NASDAQ:TLT): Bonds have rallied as the Fed has become THE “buyer” of bonds on both a “first” and “last” resort. Simply, “bonds will not be allowed to default,” as the Fed will guarantee payments to creditors. As we have been increasing our “equity” exposure in portfolios over the last few weeks, we added more to our position in TLT this past week to increase our “risk” hedge in portfolios currently.

Current Positions: SHY, IEF, BIL, TLT

Sector / Market Recommendations

The table below shows thoughts on specific actions related to the current market environment.

(These are not recommendations or solicitations to take any action. Such is for informational purposes only related to market extremes and contrarian positioning within portfolios. Use at your own risk and peril.)

Sector Recommendations
Sector Recommendations

Portfolio / Client Update

This past week, the market struggled at the 61.2% retracement level but is holding the 50-dma (which is bullish short-term.) As discussed previously, there is indeed some short-term upside, but as we head into the summer months, the relative risk/reward ratio is not in our favor.

Furthermore, earnings and economic data have been horrific. While the markets do not seem to care at the moment, in hopes that there will be a rapid “V-shaped” recovery in the market, this data will eventually matter. It is not a question of “if” just a matter of “when.”

We are well aware of this but added minimal exposures last week. In models, we slightly increased our more defensive areas of the portfolio by adding to Staples, Healthcare, and Utilities in the ETF model. There was also a small increase in our long-term holdings of Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL), Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN), and Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT) in the Equity Model.

These additions were also hedged by additional exposure in our bond portfolios as we added to TLT. Each step forward on the risk side of the equation continues to have an offsetting hedge.

As noted last week, our process is still to participate in markets while preserving capital through risk management strategies.

For now, there is much more “trading” activity than normal as we work out way through whatever market is going to come. Once the bottom is clearly in, we will settle back down to a longer-term, trend-following, structure. Now is not the time for that.

We continue to remain very defensive and are in an excellent position with plenty of cash, reduced bond holdings, and minimal equity exposure in companies we want to own for the next 10-years. Just remain patient with us as we await the right opportunity to build holdings with both stable values, and higher yields.

“Sell In May” Might Be A Good Risk Strategy This Year

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“Sell In May” Might Be A Good Risk Strategy This Year

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Comments (1)
Kerry Jimenez
Kerry Jimenez May 04, 2020 7:01PM ET
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thank you for the information on tlt because I'm still pretty new to trading and still trying to learn as much as possible from everybody
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