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Earnings call: Akoya Biosciences faces Q1 revenue decline, eyes recovery

EditorAhmed Abdulazez Abdulkadir
Published 05/18/2024, 05:00 PM
© Reuters.

Akoya Biosciences, a life sciences company, reported a 14% decline in total revenue for the first quarter of 2024, with a figure of $18.4 million compared to the previous year. The drop was primarily due to a decrease in instrument sales, which fell to $4.9 million. However, reagent sales saw a 23% increase to $7 million. The company also announced strategic partnerships with Acrivon Therapeutics, Shanghai KR Pharmtech, and NeraCare, aiming to expand into new clinical markets and develop companion diagnostics. Despite the revenue dip, Akoya Biosciences (Ticker: AKYA) remains optimistic about achieving top-line growth and profitability targets, expecting to reach operating cash flow breakeven by the end of 2024.

Key Takeaways

  • Akoya Biosciences reported a 14% drop in total revenue in Q1 2024, with a total revenue of $18.4 million.
  • Instrument sales decreased, contributing to the revenue shortfall, while reagent sales increased by 23%.
  • The company completed a new manufacturing center to support reagent demand and improve margins.
  • Akoya announced partnerships with Acrivon Therapeutics, Shanghai KR Pharmtech, and NeraCare to expand into new clinical markets and companion diagnostic development.
  • Akoya expects to achieve operating cash flow breakeven by the end of 2024.

Company Outlook

  • Akoya anticipates sequential growth throughout the year, aiming to return to historical growth rates by Q4.
  • The company is confident about recovering reagent revenue and achieving 60% gross margins in the second half of the year.

Bearish Highlights

  • The company faced a significant decline in instrument sales which impacted Q1 revenue.
  • Akoya acknowledged challenges in the APAC region and the broader macro environment affecting their performance.

Bullish Highlights

  • Reagent sales showed robust growth, expected to continue with the completion of the new manufacturing center.
  • Strategic partnerships are expected to drive expansion and growth in clinical markets, particularly in China.


  • Q1 revenue was affected by delayed instrument purchases and a shift in companion diagnostic (CDx) revenue.
  • The company had to pause reagent fulfillment temporarily, impacting CROs and core labs.

Q&A Highlights

  • Akoya discussed their focus on serving PCF customers and a more balanced commercial focus for the remainder of the year.
  • They mentioned that product availability issues have been resolved, and they expect to meet customer needs moving forward.
  • The company is optimistic about the timing of potential regulatory approval for a companion diagnostic but did not provide specific details.

Akoya Biosciences (Ticker: AKYA) is navigating through a challenging phase marked by a revenue decline in the first quarter of 2024. The company's financial performance has been primarily affected by a decrease in instrument sales. However, they have seen an uptick in reagent revenue and are taking strategic steps to improve their market position. The completion of a new manufacturing center and partnerships in clinical markets are pivotal to Akoya's growth strategy. Despite the current headwinds, the company is confident in its ability to recover in the latter half of the year and is working towards achieving cash flow breakeven by year-end. Akoya's representatives have conveyed a sense of optimism, citing resolved product availability gaps, expected growth in CRO services, and the potential of their clinical partnerships to contribute significantly to their commercial success. The company's forward-looking statements suggest a focus on operational efficiency and market expansion as they strive to return to their historical growth trajectory.

InvestingPro Insights

Akoya Biosciences (Ticker: AKYA) is experiencing a tumultuous period, as reflected in the company's recent financial performance and market activity. Here are some key insights based on real-time data and InvestingPro Tips:

InvestingPro Data:

  • The company's market capitalization stands at $140.75 million, indicating its size within the life sciences sector.
  • With a negative P/E ratio of -2.01, and an adjusted P/E ratio for the last twelve months as of Q1 2024 at -2.24, Akoya is currently not profitable.
  • The revenue growth for the last twelve months as of Q1 2024 was 17.89%, which points to an increase despite the quarterly dip.

InvestingPro Tips:

  • The Relative Strength Index (RSI) suggests that Akoya's stock is in oversold territory, which might interest contrarian investors looking for potential rebounds.
  • Analysts have recently revised their earnings estimates downwards for the upcoming period, suggesting that the market is recalibrating expectations for the company's financial outlook.

For readers looking to delve deeper into Akoya Biosciences' financial health and stock performance, there are additional InvestingPro Tips available. This includes insights on cash burn rates, volatility, and profitability forecasts. To access these insights and more, visit and use the coupon code PRONEWS24 to get an additional 10% off a yearly or biyearly Pro and Pro+ subscription. There are currently 11 more InvestingPro Tips listed to help inform your investment decisions.

Full transcript - Akoya Biosciences (AKYA) Q1 2024:

Operator: Good day and thank you for standing by. Welcome to the Akoya Biosciences First Quarter 2024 Earnings Conference Call. All this time all participants are in a listen-only mode. After the speakers’ presentation there will be a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] Please be advised that today's conference is being recorded. I would now like to turn the conference over to your speaker, Priyam Shah, Head of Investor Relations. Please go ahead.

Priyam Shah: Thank you operator and thank you to everyone who's joining us today on this call. I'm Priyam Shah, Head of Investor Relations at Akoya Biosciences. On the call today, we have Brian McKelligon, Chief Executive Officer; and Johnny Ek, Chief Financial Officer. Earlier today, Akoya released financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2024. A copy of the press release is available on the company's website. Before we begin, I'd like to remind you that management will make statements during this call that include forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws, which are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Any statements contained in this call that relate to expectations or predictions of future events, results or performance are forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors. For a list and description of the risks and uncertainties associated with the Akoya's business, please refer to the risks identified in our filings with the US Securities and Exchange Commission, including in the Risk Factors section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, filed on March 5, 2024, and 10-Q filed today May 13, 2024. We urge you to consider these factors and you should be aware that these statements are considered estimates only and are not a guarantee of future performance. We'll be referring to non-GAAP measures on this call including non-GAAP adjusted gross profit, non-GAAP adjusted gross margin, non-GAAP operating expense and non-GAAP loss from operations. Akoya defines non-GAAP adjusted gross profit as gross profit margin adjusted for certain excesses and obsolete inventory charges. Akoya defines non-GAAP adjusted gross margin as non-GAAP adjusted gross profit divided by total revenue. Akoya defines non-GAAP operating expense as operating expense adjusted for impairment and restructuring charges. Lastly, Akoya defines non-GAAP loss from operations as loss from operations adjusted for certain excess and obsolete inventory charges, impairment and restructuring charges. These non-GAAP measures are not prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are provided in the table in the press release. This conference call contains time sensitive information and is accurate only as of the live broadcast today, May 13, 2024. Akoya disclaims any intention or obligation, except as required by law, to update or revise any financial projections or forward-looking statements, whether because of new information, future events or otherwise. The audio portion of this call will be archived on the Investors section of our website later today under the heading Events. And with that, I will now turn the call over to Brian.

Brian McKelligon: Thank you, Priyam and good afternoon or evening to everyone. We appreciate you joining us today. During today's conference call, I will begin by giving a broad overview of our performance in the first quarter, review our business advancements and highlight a few of our recent partnerships. Following that, Johnny will go deeper into our financials, key trends and provide an outlook for the future of the business. While we made meaningful progress advancing both our operational and clinical objectives, our first quarter results fell short of expectations. We achieved $18.4 million in total revenue, driven primarily by strong sales of reagents and a growing lab services business. Reagent revenue totaled $7 million a 23% increase from the prior year bolstered by our industry-leading installed base of 1,213 instruments as of the first quarter 2024. The annualized pull-through is now $53,000 on the PhenoCycler fusion and 40,000 on the PhenoImager HT. With approximately two-third of our PhenoCycler now paired with a fusion and with strong incentives in place for the remaining units to upgrade, we are strategically aligning our application breadth and workflow development efforts to capitalize on the PhenoCycler-fusion system pull-through. The continued increase in pull-through can largely be attributed to our enhanced system capabilities realized with our PhenoCycler-Fusion and HT 2.0 releases and our customers' desire for high plex panels. Additionally, services revenue reached $6.2 million a 5% growth from the prior year. We placed 30 instruments in the first quarter, contributing $4.9 million in instrument revenue. Despite the strength in reagents and services, the revenue shortfall was primarily driven by weakness in instrument placements in the quarter. Three main factors contributed to our revenue underperformance. First, systemic pressure on capital expenditures persisted throughout the quarter. The key drivers include elongation of sales cycles, increased scrutiny on and reassessments of incremental capital purchases, delays in labs is expanding their capacity, NIH budget uncertainty and inflationary pressures. We expect this downward pressure to ease as we progress through 2024. Second, as previously announced we recently completed the launch of our new manufacturing center of excellence in Marlboro, Massachusetts. The primary focus of this facility is the manufacturing of our molecular barcode antibody catalog and accompanying reagents. This facility is now fully operational and poised to meet the growing demands for our reagents, supporting our goal to drive increased margins and expand the available applications on our platforms. Our transition away from third-party outsourced suppliers to internally manufactured material temporarily impacted reagent fulfillment times and delayed instrument purchases. This was most acutely felt in reference driven opportunities, core labs and CROs. With these ramp-up activities now complete, we believe we have resolved our product availability challenges. We took this strategic set aiming to ensure reagent quality and availability for the foreseeable future and are excited to provide an enhanced customer experience, while also realizing cost reduction benefits throughout the year, positively impacting our gross margin. Third certain pharmaceutical partner lab services revenue recognition was deferred to the second half of 2024, due to a shift in clinical trial milestone timelines. We are well on-track to complete these milestones this year, but the revenue recognition is now deferred to the second half of 2024. With this shift in clinical trial service revenue to the second half, resolution of our temporary reagent availability issues through our new manufacturing center of excellence and growing optimism for improvement in the macro environment in the latter part of the year, we are confident that our foundational initiatives will lead us back to solid top-line growth and achievement of our profitability objectives. Our first quarter results also highlight several important initiatives that we have implemented aimed at enhancing our core financial fundamentals. Let me briefly walk through these. Turning to our margins and expense reductions in the quarter. We completed a $2 million inventory write-off from discontinued legacy instruments. These instruments were earlier versions of the PhenoImager HT that were part of the historical instrument portfolio we acquired with the Phenoptics division from PerkinElmer (NYSE:RVTY) now Revvity in 2018. For the first quarter of 2024, reported gross margin was 46%. When excluding this write-off, our non-GAAP adjusted gross margin was 57%. This compares to our GAAP and non-GAAP adjusted gross margin of 57% in the prior year period. Taking this step now will help simplify our inventory management and clean up our balance sheet going forward. To drive further cost controls and efficiency, we completed a facility consolidation into our new manufacturing center of excellence in Marlborough in addition to a 15% reduction in force in the first quarter. This resulted in an impairment charge and restructuring expense totaling $4.4 million. Reported operating expenses were $30 million in the first quarter of 2024, while non-GAAP operating expenses were $25.6 million with these impairment and restructuring charges excluded. In the first quarter of 2023, our GAAP and non-GAAP operating expenses were $29.7 million. Excluding the $4.4 million impairment and restructuring charges, we had a 14% decrease in our operating expenses on a non-GAAP basis compared to the prior year period. In summary, by effectively addressing the primary drivers behind our revenue shortfall and simultaneously implementing targeted strategies to enhance operational efficiency and improve profitability, we believe we have the ability to return to solid top-line growth and are committed to meeting our goal of achieving operating cash flow breakeven by the end of the year. I would now like to pivot to provide an update on our advancing companion diagnostic partnership with Acrivon Therapeutics and reviewed two exciting recently announced new partnerships with Shanghai KR Pharmtech and NeraCare. First, an update on Acrivon. On April 24, after virtual corporate R&D event, Acrivon presented initial positive Phase IIb clinical data for their therapeutic agent ACR-368 in patients positive for the ACR-368 OncoSignature assay in ovarian and endometrial cancer. This assay is run on a Akoya's PhenoImager HT platform out of our CLIA lab in Marlborough, Massachusetts. More specifically, initial prospective validation of Acrivon's ACR-368 OncoSignature assay, demonstrated its ability to identify ovarian and endometrial patients sensitive to ACR-368 monotherapy in the ongoing clinical trial with 50% confirmed objective response rate in OncoSignature positive patients versus 0% in the OncoSignature negative patients at a p-value of [0.0038] (ph). This statistically significant prospective validation of the patient selection approach via the ACR-368 OncoSignature Assay, demonstrates the ability to effectively identify cancer patients whose tumors are likely to respond to ACR-368 monotherapy treatment. Building on the significant progress, including Fast Track designation for the ACR-368 therapy for ovarian and endometrial indications, along with breakthrough device designation for the ACR-368 OncoSignature assay in ovarian cancer, we and our dedicated companion diagnostic team are excited to continue advancing this exclusive partnership with Acrivon to bring a precision diagnostic to the market with the potential to address significant unmet treatment needs against a broad range of tumors in over 200,000 patients with limited treatment options diagnosed in the US and Europe. Akoya also recently announced a partnership with Shanghai KR Pharmtech and the premarket approval from China's National Medical Products Administration, also known as NMPA, for the KR-HT5 instrument. Akoya codeveloped KR-HT5 with KR Pharmtech utilizing the PhenoImager HT as its foundation, and this platform will serve as the core technology to deliver next-generation pathology solutions and multiplex biomarker workflows within hospital settings across China. The NMPA approval has a Class II designation in KR Pharmtech along with Akoya we'll be working with a network of key opinion leaders in China to establish clinical validation and secure Class III approval for specific assays. KR Pharmtech is an experienced clinical partner that we believe has the scientific, strategic and regulatory capabilities to usher Akoya's technology into entirely new and significant clinical markets. Finally, last Thursday, we announced our partnership with NeraCare, a developer of laboratory tests for individualized survival protection of melanoma patients with offices in Germany and the United States. We have entered into an exclusive agreement to enable personalized therapy selection for early-stage melanoma patients. The aim is to leverage the PhenoImager HT, our CLIA lab and NeraCare immuno per test and its best-in-class clinical data to focus on increasing access to life-saving therapies for early-stage melanoma patients. Melanoma is the leading cause of skin cancer related deaths with over 235,000 new diagnoses globally every year. Recent approvals of immune and targeted therapies have greatly expanded the available treatment options for adjuvant therapy, but primarily for late stage disease. The challenge is that a significant number of early-stage melanoma patients remain at high risk of relapse and mortality without access to such therapies. As the majority of melanoma patients are diagnosed with early-stage disease, there is a critical unmet need to identify those at-risk patients to potentially enable earlier access to life-saving therapeutic agents. NeraCare's Immunoprint Assay has demonstrated robust clinical performance in identifying early-stage melanoma patients at risk -- at high risk of relapse through multiple independent prospective and retrospective clinical studies. The data demonstrates that the Immunoprint high-risk patient group is ideally suited to potentially benefit from therapeutic options that would usually only be administered in later stages. Akoya and NeraCare will focus on developing partnerships with leading biopharmaceutical companies to enable patient stratification and therapy selection in early-stage melanoma patients preferentially for those treatments already approved in late-stage melanoma. In closing, historically, Akoya has demonstrated consistent above-plan performance since our IPO in April 2021, and we are confident that we have addressed the underlying issues driving this quarter's performance. The market opportunity for spatial biology to emerge as the primary methodology for tissue analysis from discovery to clinical is unequivocal and the momentum in the market awareness continues to grow exponentially. As evidenced by our industry-leading installed base, we believe Akoya has the systems, new operational efficiencies and capabilities and scalability to meet the growing demand for spatial biology from discovery to the clinic. We also believe that Akoya will drive considerable shareholder value with our newly enhanced and efficient manufacturing capabilities, best-in-class product portfolio, strong commercial team and accelerating realization of the significant clinical opportunities in a substantial total addressable market. We thank you for your time and support. And with that, I will now turn the call over to Johnny to discuss our financial results. Johnny?

Johnny Ek: Thanks, Brian. As Brian highlighted, total revenue for the first quarter of 2024 was $18.4 million, a 14% decline compared to the prior year period. Product revenue including instruments, reagents and software totaled $12.1 million for the first quarter. Total instrument revenue was $4.9 million, and our industry-leading installed base now totals 1,213 instruments, including 354 PhenoCyclers and 859 PhenoImagers. We delivered $7 million in reagent revenue in the first quarter, reflecting a 23% increase from the prior year period. The annualized reagent pull-through continues to climb across our instrument portfolio, of which the PhenoCycler-Fusion and the PhenoImager HT are the primary contributors. The PhenoCycler-Fusion, the combination of PhenoCycler and infusion now totals 215 in the field and as of the first quarter has an average annualized pull-through of $53,000 per combined instrument payer. The PhenoImager HT, of which there are now 359 in the field, as of the first quarter has an average annualized pull-through of $40,000 per instrument. Going forward, we expect the majority of PhenoCyclers to be paired with a fusion in the field, and we have discontinued the mantra and vector line under the PhenoImager portfolio. Based on these dynamics, we will focus only on reporting pull-through metrics for the PhenoCycler-Fusion and the PhenoImager HT moving forward. We will continue to maintain service support for those legacy -- those existing legacy systems in the field, but will focus instrument sales efforts-only on the PhenoCycler, Fusion and HT. Services and other revenue totaled $6.2 million for the first quarter an increase of 5% over the prior year period. Services have been a growth segment for us as our instrument warranty and field service revenue have rapidly expanded, coupled to our large installed base in addition to our lab services business driving higher-value studies through new and existing biopharma partnerships. As Brian noted a portion of contracted pharma partner service revenue shifted from the first quarter and is expected to be recognized in the second half of the year. Gross margin was 46% in the first quarter of 2024, while non-GAAP adjusted gross margin was 57% compared to 57% GAAP and non-GAAP gross margin in the prior year period. The discontinuation of the mantra and vector-line drove a non-cash inventory write-down of $2 million, which impacted our cost of goods in the first quarter. As we drive increases in our reagent revenue mix, execute on our identified operations optimization efforts for reagents and leverage the capacity of our recent manufacturing investments, we expect to further propel the expansion of our gross margin through 2024 and beyond in the range of a couple of hundred basis points annually. Operating expenses were $30 million in the first quarter of 2024, while non-GAAP operating expenses were $25.6 million compared to $29.7 million GAAP and non-GAAP operating expenses in the prior year period, a decrease of 14% on a non-GAAP basis. As Brian noted, we took actions in the first quarter to reduce operating expenses in pursuit of our goal of achieving operating cash flow breakeven as we exit 2024. This included the consolidation of our manufacturing, quality and R&D operations into our manufacturing center of excellence in Marlborough. As a result we recorded an impairment charge of $3 million related to the facility exiting activities. In addition we recorded a $1.4 million restructuring charge resulting from a 15% headcount reduction completed in January of this year. This charge is also excluded in our non-GAAP operating expenses. Through these and similar ongoing strategic efforts, we expect to further streamline our operating costs for the balance of this year and focus our balance sheet investments on delivering improvements in gross margins, supporting our goal to achieve operating cash flow breakeven as we exit 2024. We ended the quarter with approximately $61.6 million of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Common shares outstanding and fully diluted shares, including the impact of outstanding options and unvested restricted stock awards are $49.3 million as of March 31, 2024. In summary, Akoya has implemented important business and operational changes to enhance efficiency, drive gross margin improvement and achieve cost advantages. We have also proactively addressed the drivers of our revenue shortfall in the first quarter. As such, we anticipate a measured recovery to sustained growth throughout 2024 and beyond and we continue to focus on our very important goal of operating cash flow breakeven as we exit 2024. At this time Akoya is updating its revenue outlook for the full year 2024, while maintaining its commitment to achieving operating cash flow breakeven by year end. The company now expects full year 2024 revenue to be in the range of $104 million to $112 million. Back to you, Brian.

Brian McKelligon: Thank you, Johnny. We look forward to executing our strategic objectives and partnerships throughout the remainder of the year as we drive the business forward. We are thankful for the hard work of our fellow dedicated Akoyans, as well as for the continued support from our customers and shareholders. Akoya remains well positioned for growth, and we're excited about the opportunities that lie ahead as we deliver new spatial solutions from the discovery to clinical markets. We thank you all for your time and support. And at this point, we will open up the call for questions. Operator?

Operator: Certainly. [Operator Instructions] And our first question will be coming from excuse me, Jacob Karen Ball (NYSE:BALL) of Stephens. Our next question will be coming from Kyle Mikson of Canaccord. Your line is open.

Kyle Mikson: Hi guys, thanks for the questions. So first, some questions about the financial side. I wanted to ask if you could quantify or at least qualitatively help us think about the biopharma revenue that was shipped to the second half of the year. And I think it's important to understand that in the context of this 25% year-over-year growth for the second half. That's basically remaining in place. It seems like I assume that the second quarter outlook is not terribly impacted by maybe [indiscernible]. Like it sounds like there's a lot of one-timers in the first quarter. Maybe you can kind of parse that out. But I just wanted to understand what's shifting and how we should sort of think about like run rate growth and how that accelerates towards the end of the year?

Brian McKelligon: Yes. So maybe a lot to unpack there. So first, on the CDx revenue shift, I think as we noted on the call, it was really a byproduct of a slight shift in the clinical trial partner milestones, resulting in a shift in the revenue recognition in the second half. And the impact of that was sort of low single digits in terms of millions shifting into the second half. So that's basically the contribution of that. And on the instrument side, I think similarly to give you some color on that, as we looked at the impact of the manufacturing gap and the ability of third-parties to provide the necessary reagents and the timing of us getting fully operational towards the end of the quarter. The relative impact of that, Kyle in terms of instrument placements, for example, on the PCF fusion, was probably around high single digits. So that can kind of give you a sense of the contributors between those two in terms of the revenue push. And as we look to the remainder of the year, I think we'll look to kind of sequentially continue to return to our expected growth that you saw historically for both instruments and reagents.

Kyle Mikson: Got it. And maybe if you could talk about why the PhenoImager line kind of underperformed at least compared to what we had and feels like they did much better. Maybe that's obvious because the PCF is just more -- maybe you're pushing that a little bit harder. But can you just talk about maybe if there's something in the marketplace that PhenoImager, HT is not as in demand as one was?

Brian McKelligon: No, I think it's more of a dynamic to focus. Our focus is on serving those PCF customers through the transitions and the challenges that we had in Q1. So I think you can see a kind of a more balanced commercial focus as we go into the remainder of the year where the focus could be more on external commercial execution rather than supporting our customers through the transition.

Kyle Mikson: Okay. And then let me just ask a quick one before I hop off. On the clinical partnerships. You have a few of them now. Is there any way you could again like help us think about or quantify maybe the TAM or the market opportunity or revenue opportunity for these three plus partnerships that you have. What could that look like maybe in 2025, 2026, 2027 that sort of time frame?

Brian McKelligon: Well, I think there's two ways to parse that qualitatively, Kyle. One is each of these individually kind of provides different contributions for us in the near-term on the top-line and longer term in terms of the clinical deliverables. Akoya Bio as a company, I would encourage you to go listen to their R&D Day, to get a sense for the pace and veracity of their clinical progress. That opportunity for Akoya is largely transitioning from the latter stages of our CDx development work to what is a hopeful continued solid progress of their -- on their clinical progress, as they potentially progress to on market, which will be for Akoya a very significant event. So that dynamic in terms of its impact is very different in that the mid-to-near term upsides provided their continued success would be a real catalyst for Akoya to have a potential on-market clinical test tied to a therapeutic. NeraCare is a very different dynamic in that. They have identified a patient population that's several hundred thousand patients that are diagnosed with early-stage melanoma where -- that are at high risk of recurrence or mortality, and there is no effective way for the current on-market therapeutics to be applied to this patient population in need. They essentially have to wait. So the market opportunity with NeraCare is leveraging their established clinical data along with them to capitalize off of the growing and intense interest in that panel to serve existing therapeutics that are serving late-stage melanoma and initiate clinical studies so those are going to be transitioned to early stage, a much larger market opportunity. So for Akoya, what that means for us is an ability to -- with clinically validated data and an assay attract existing biopharma that have on-market melanoma therapeutics and catalyze large scale companion diagnostic partner development projects, which are significant in terms of revenue to buttress the existing CDx revenue that we have. Now KR Pharmtech, again, is powerful in that -- it represents for us an entirely new, not just clinical market, but an entirely new market opportunity within China, which we all know is struggling a bit. And for us, what we have now with the Class II approved system is working with them and their KOL network to now establish the clinical validity of Class III assays. And that, over time, will leverage that KOL network to place HT Systems in that market to establish our clinic utility. So you can see that all of them individually contribute to the advancement of our clinical opportunity. But in the case of Akoya, much later stays potentially a commercial test. NeraCare is really expanding the opportunity we have with biopharma of a clinically validated test to secure new partners expeditiously. And then finally, KR is giving us a headway into the China market, again to balance against those headwinds, but give us entirely new clinical market vein to serve.

Kyle Mikson: Got it. Helpful Brian. Thanks.

Operator: And our next question will be coming from David Westenberg of Piper Sandler. Your line is open David.

David Westenberg: Hi, thank you for taking the question. Just could we talk about the reiteration of being cash flow breakeven this year. Can you remind us where you made some of the cost cuts last year, can you ensure us that if you are matching kind of the cost cuts with the lower guidance that you're not maybe impacting growth? And I get maybe some of this is just plan as usual. And it just so happens that you're just kind of subtracting out some of a Q1 impact. But I just kind of wanted a reminder of kind of why this cash flow breakeven target by the end of the year still seems reasonable in light of the lower guide. Thanks.

Brian McKelligon: It's a great question, Dave. And I think I'll pass to Johnny to give at least some hypothetical scenarios on what Akoya would have to deliver for example, in Q4 to reach that point as compared to, for example, to prior year. So Johnny, maybe walk through a little bit that scenario to provide some hypothetical color.

Johnny Ek: Sure, sure. Thanks, David. Yes important to note, this is sort of how we see the exit of the year. And if we plug in a Q4 that looks similar to our normal kind of mid-20% growth rate over the Q4 of last year. That will give you a number for a revenue that you could use as a hypothetical at 62% margin, let's say. And the real driver is the OpEx. Our OpEx was in the $29 million, $30 million for Q1, but there were $3.5 million to $4.5 million of kind of one-time items that flow through. So truly, that run rate in Q1 was sort of in that $25 million OpEx range. So if you take that revenue in Q4, at this gross margin rate that we've sort of highlighted. And then you take a, call it, $25 million in OpEx remove $5 million of non-cash, you get to that breakeven. So it's -- all of those are scenarios and assumptions that are reasonable based on our average growth rates and our gross margin trajectory and our current run rate of OpEx. So with those, we get to that cash flow breakeven and to go back to sort of another question you asked on what actions we've taken. So as you know, we took in Q1, an action to reduce head count and that fully flows through in Q4. And importantly, we avoided cutting revenue-generating commercial headcount and manufacturing employees. It's really with a broad-based cut that we did in Q1 that really provides the benefit through the year and you will start to see that OpEx at a run rate that is similar to the non-GAAP view of Q1.

David Westenberg: Got it. That’s great color. Just in terms of the -- talk about the opening up of the manufacturing facility and the second order impact on instruments, do you get the sense that all the customers were just kind of temporarily lost rather than lost for good? And then in addition to that -- just any more context in terms of what customer attrition might have been on that if you maybe had a sense that some of -- you lost some customers that were already on, you already using your system. But I don't know, any kind of metrics there to ensure us that these are not -- this is not lost forever. This was just a temporary situation.

Brian McKelligon: It's a great question, and it's a fair question. I think, as we look at the bounded horizons within which had occurred to Q4 to Q1, late Q4 and early Q1 we saw continued incremental reagent revenue growth up to $7 million or so. And I think, as I noted on the call, this was mostly acutely felt in CROs, and core labs that have a real strong desire, David to move to a much higher plexes and routinely running those at 50 flexes or 60 flexes. And so when we alerted them of this temporary gap of the reagent fulfillment and their desire to run 50 to 60 plexes and scale those, those are the kinds of scenarios where there was a bit of a pause. We communicated back to them and things were back in inventory as they are now and sort of begin to resurge and recover. So those are -- that's an example of the kinds of customers that we were dealing with that drove that temporary pause. And a lot of our customers, David are really reference-driven opportunities given the size of our installed base. So this isn't really about customer attrition as much as it is about shifting these opportunities into Q2, Q3 and then proving to those customers that we've got the full supply to meet their needs, which we do.

David Westenberg: Appreciate it. Thank you.

Operator: And our next question will come from Mark Massaro of BTIG. Your line is open Mark.

Mark Massaro: Hi, guys. Thank you taking the questions. Maybe the first one is just on the revenue pacing throughout the year. I know that, obviously any time you have macro issues and inflationary pressures in capital budgets Q1. Q1 is typically your lowest quarter of the year anyway. But I just asked for this year, I think your revenue at the midpoint of your lowered guidance would imply that Q1 is 17% of your revenue for the year. Just help me think of how you can get back to sort of your ordinary run rate? And as I think about the year -- is this shaping up potentially as a 40-60 first half, second half? Or do you think it's more like 45-55? Maybe just help a little bit with some of the buckets.

Brian McKelligon: Yes. I think not to get into the details of sort of quarterly guide, but I think kind of directionally, as you think about the Q1 miss and kind of sequential recoveries from Q1 to Q2 to Q3 to Q4. As we think about the continued unlocking of the reagent opportunity and recovery on instruments as we think about the clinical revenue that's been deferred to second half, all of those point to a seasonality that's a little bit more magnified in second half relative to historicals. I think right now, we saw the reagent revenues in Q1 at a sort of a 23% year-over-year growth. I think we'll get back to our historical growth numbers of that 30% to 40%. I think we'll get -- and we'll get back to our historical unit sales on the instruments as well. So hopefully, that gives you enough color. We can certainly talk in more detail. But Johnny, I don't know if you have anything to add on that?

Johnny Ek: No, only to remember that the contracted pharma revenue that we have with our partners is still in our full year. It's truly moved from Q1 back. And so important to note, there's a portion of that that shifts back so that you're not thinking simply on the instrument reagent run. We've got some additional support in the back half that's driven by that -- the shift in those milestones.

Mark Massaro: Okay. That's super helpful. And then the update from Acrivon in April was certainly exciting. I know that you're part of the partnership, but can you just give us a sense for how we should think about timing on a potential CDx and regulatory approval for a companion diagnostic?

Brian McKelligon: That's a really great question, and I think one that everybody's kind of learning to know more details about again sort of like I said to Kyle, I would encourage you to listen to their virtual corporate R&D event that was recorded on the 24th and just perhaps sort of suggests that their enthusiasm for the data presented, I think can give you an indication of their optimism. And I think that's probably the most that I can say with respect to timing because in terms of Akoya's communication on timing, markets, forecasts, we sort of take their lead in that regard because it is their drug candidate that leads. That said, it's sort of powerful and significant to hear the progress that they made and the results of the confirmed objective response rates for signature positive versus those that are negative. So a pretty powerful data set.

Mark Massaro: Okay. Great. And last one for me. Obviously any time you can bring your reagent manufacturing in-house, it is typically a good thing. Can you just remind us long term what the margin opportunity or gross margin -- incremental gross margin opportunity is even if we think out like five years, what type of benefit you might be able to achieve long-term? And then I think I heard you guys say that you did resolve the product availability, just confirming that, that is on the reagents.

Brian McKelligon: Yes. So just to -- yes, so take that in reverse order, yes to fully confirm that the product availability gaps that our customers suffered in Q1 are completely resolved and everything is in-house and manufactured ready to go. And long-term margins, I'll let Johnny speak to that. But we do expect and expect to see really continued high reagent revenue growth. So that coupled to bringing that manufacturing internally getting improved margins on those is really a key driver for gross margin improvements. And maybe Johnny can speak in more color about how we are kind of guiding and quantifying that.

Johnny Ek: Yes. And while we don't break out instrument margin and reagent margin, I can say they are really performing with this move in-house where we hoped they would. So we are seeing good results on margin from instruments and reagents. As you can imagine, in Q1 with revenue lower than we would have wanted. It naturally doesn't cover these new costs that we incurred to set the facility up in that first quarter. And so that puts a little bit of pressure on the Q1 margin after you take out the non-GAAP item. So we're excited and confident about the changes we've made and then bringing that facility in-house. It really helps product availability in the long run because we're not looking into the supply chain to ensure we have all of the components. We've got them in-house. We control our destiny a lot more, which we really like. So I would say, from a long-term perspective, again, while we're not -- we don't guide specifically on these, but we can expect meaningful expansion of margin as reagent revenue becomes a greater portion of total revenue in the 4- to 5-year horizon like you're mentioning. So I think we're seeing what we expected to see, which is good on the reagent and instrument margins.

Mark Massaro: Okay, thanks guys.

Operator: And our next question will be coming from Tejas Savant of Morgan Stanley. Your line is open.

Tejas Savant: Hi, guys. Good evening and thanks for the time. So Brian, maybe to kick things off on the cut to the guide here. I just want to get one thing clear. Is it right to interpret sort of the macro backdrop here being the same or maybe even modestly better versus the fourth quarter earnings call and then the COE-related disruption to instruments and the lab services contract essentially being the detractors of the miss? And if so, can you share any color on just trends in the first six weeks of the second quarter, particularly on those instrument placements, you missed out on due to the COE opening because it sounds like that was the bulk of the instrument shortfall.

Brian McKelligon: Yes. I would be hesitant to us to say that there was a material change and macro contributions to instruments. I would say, that the majority of the impact of the instrument miss as we think about sort of high single digits of PhenoCycler-Fusions. The majority of the instrument miss was really driven by that. And then if you add in the total revenue miss, add in as we spoke about in the last question, kind of low single digits in terms of the deferred clinical revenue, then that sort of helps you see kind of the total drivers to the gap. In terms of second quarter, I think as we already spoke, we expect to continue to see kind of the incremental return to kind of the reagent instrument to kind of normalize numbers we expect now that we are through these reagent issues. So I think we'll get to a quarterization that's similar to what we saw historically.

Tejas Savant: Got it. That's helpful. Any color you can share on just the macro piece creating any hurdles or incremental friction on the customer-end in terms of your field upgrade efforts? Or are those still on track to wrap up by year end? And then I guess on a related note, any plans to revisit the pricing structure or perhaps considering a reagent rental model especially as you think about helping customers get over the hump here and maybe even deal with the evolving competition, right, especially with Lunaphore being part of Techne and making a more aggressive marketing push, et cetera?

Brian McKelligon: Yes. So good question. I think in terms of the macro -- if your question on the macro with respect to the field upgrades, if that had an impact, the answer is no, it didn't. I think as you think about the field upgrades, you sort of get the sense that you've got a very quick acceleration of those conversions like we saw in Q3 and Q4 with the first 50% plus of those instruments. And then that continues sort of at a pace that becomes asymtotic as you progress through the year. I don't think we really saw a macro impact, specifically on the field upgrades, if that was your question to confirm.

Tejas Savant: Yes. That's right, Brian. And then on the second piece.

Brian McKelligon: Yes. On the revisiting pricing with respect to the reagent rentals, classically in life sciences, reagent rentals are tough and not routine. It's sort of more common in the diagnostic arena, where you've got sort of committed instrument revenue as part of a clinical supply agreement. Most of these things are project driven. That said, your comment is there around the evolving competitive landscape, particularly as we see an increased prevalence of placements of demo systems, as a competitive strategy rather than relying on references and publications. So I think that's kind of the dawn of a new age that we've got. We have to respond to what we're seeing in the marketplace of a growing prevalence of placing demo units and using those as placements to drive sales. And we're going to have to participate in some of that to be effectively competing.

Tejas Savant: Got it. That's fair. And then, Brian on China, you talked about sort of more CapEx pressures there and elongated sales cycles in China in the last quarter. Any color you can share on how trends evolved on the ground over the course of the first quarter year into April, perhaps? And then are you starting to see any sort of inflection in conversations on the back of the recent stimulus announcement? And maybe only in the far out order funnel so to speak -- and I don't think you'll be sort of taking that to the bank for the back half guide by any means, but just curious as to whether you're starting to see any green shoots there?

Brian McKelligon: Yes. So with respect to the trends that we're seeing in China, I’d say, the actual performance, there's no material trend in terms of the year-over-year change whether it's from Q4, full year '23 or Q1. So it's been fairly consistent. But with respect to your green shoots, we did sort of qualitative to see a pretty reasonable surge in the desire for support for grant applications under the expectation that the stimulus monies will be forthcoming, but I think we all sort of recognize that while that's been announced, there's sort of a bureaucratic step function to align those, distribute those to our market segment and then end those out. So I'd say the only call it green shoot, Tejas, that I think we can point to is really an uptick in the requested support immediate support for supporting grant applications. So that's a positive. And I'd say as a side note, while we are not going to quantify it. Our partnership with KR over in the midterm, does provide us another potential avenue outside of the life sciences discovery and translational markets for potential sources of revenue and growth in this clinical market with the KR HT5 that's based on our HT system approved as a Class II device.

Tejas Savant: Got it, thanks Brian. Appreciate the color.

Operator: Our next question will come from Subhalaxmi Nambi of --. Your line is open.

Subhalaxmi Nambi: Thank you guys. This is Subha Nambi from Guggenheim. Guys thank you for taking my question. Recognizing that you do not provide quarterly guidance, you missed consensus by $6 to $7 million. And this seems more than transitory issue given how much you've got your full year guidance. That said, first we think about preannouncing, I ask so we can understand your practices moving forward. Second does the fact that you didn't manage expectations down indicate that the end of the quarter is where you came up short of your target? And third how should we get comfortable that you lower guidance enough?

Brian McKelligon: Yes. So the -- so if you look at our intra quarter revenue trends, you are correct that it is extremely backloaded and it was even more so in Q4 and Q1. And so as we looked at those changes in funnel velocity and funnel conversion, finally realized in December and then through the first three quarters of the year. We recognize then the shortfall and decided to take the energy and time to make sure that as we look forward to the rest of the year that we accounted for in our guide, those changing dynamics that we talked about with Kate Tejas with respect to the macro environment, but more specifically how we think our recovery on the reagents and instrument -- delayed instrument purchases will be realized throughout the rest of the year. So that's the process that we went through to manage expectations. And while I understand your desire and question around pre-announce, we wanted to make sure that we couple that preannouncement with a really informed decision-making process on how we look at the guide for the rest of the year given that, as Mason was asking, given that it's going to account for a little bit more of a second half weighting. So let me pause there and see if Johnny would like to add anything more on the process of our financial assessment and coming up with the guide. And I do want to make sure, Subha that I addressed all of the subcomponents of your question that I got them all.

Johnny Ek: Yes. I would just maybe clarify a little bit. You've made a point, Brian, the last month of the quarter is generally more heavy-load certainly instruments, right? We generally have a pretty good view of reagents through the quarter. They are much more normal ordering pattern. It's -- as you can imagine, capital equipment and instruments naturally falls to the last month when you're closing the deal. And so with that, that sort of speaks to Brian's prior point. And I think, again, not to continue to go back to this point, but there is a meaningful enough amount of the revenue that was related to the CDx. I want to make sure that as we do that analysis and make of what the Q1 sort of miss was in total that there is a recollection that what was missed in Q1 is truly moving to the back half. And so that allows you to better understand what the revenue miss was from an instrument perspective.

Subhalaxmi Nambi: But as the macro environment, none of us have a crystal ball that it's going to improve. So that is where I am a little worried that the lowering of the guidance is equal to what you missed in Q1 more or less. So then how do we know it recovers in the second half? I mean everyone tried to ask this question in two, three different ways, but I haven't heard anything that I felt, okay, this makes sense. Or maybe we can catch up off-line.

Brian McKelligon: Yes. So I think we've effectively -- as we look at the contributors to the Q1 miss, and we quantify those PhenoCyclers that were delayed due to those purchases as we quantify the shift in the CDx revenue in the second half and bring our guy down. Those were the metrics that we determined to say we've got some fundamental contribution of the macro to the guide. But overall, the point is Subha, that our -- we believe that we've embedded initially in our full year guide some contributions to the macro that continued in Q1, but the overwhelming contributions in terms of base dollars to the Q1 miss the $6 million, you call that sort of low single digits of that was the CDx shift. And we can account for nearly the majority of the remainder in instrument purchases that were shifted.

Subhalaxmi Nambi: Got it. Thank you guys.

Operator: Our next question will be coming from Racheal Vatnsdal of JPMorgan. Your line is open.

Rachel Vatnsdal: Perfect. Good afternoon, thanks for taking the question guys. So first up, I just want to ask on academic. You touched on budgets a bit, so I was wondering if you could unpack that for us a little bit more. Walk us through the conversations you're having with your academic and government customers. And then what is assumed in guidance from a budget outflow standpoint across the US and Europe as well?

Brian McKelligon: Well, the assumption of the budget outflow in academia is essentially in-line with the flat NIH budget that was put in place and then the EU Horizon is flat this year and a cut next year. So that's the assumption in the revenue guide with respect to the overall funding within those market segments. And then how we contemplate the impact of that funding on our funnel velocity on our conversion rates, that's a byproduct of the detailed analysis of pipeline, funnel growth opportunity expansion and how we look at those conversion rates that then determine what we believe to be our Q2, Q3 and Q4 instrument revenue given these changing dynamics, knowing that we have now exited the acute Q1 challenges from the reagent side that caused some of those instrument purchases to be delayed.

Rachel Vatnsdal: Great. And then just as my follow-up. From a geographic standpoint can you tell us how performance trended by region in the quarter? And are there any regions where you're feeling better or worse in terms of the back half ramp? And then you mentioned some of the volatility in China as well. I was just wondering, could you clarify for us given how China has performed the last 12 months, how much is your China revenue in terms of the [indiscernible] base at this point?

Brian McKelligon: Yes. So China is historically -- so in this last quarter, APAC was about 18% of the total, and that was sort of consistent with full year 2023. You can think China is sort of 60% to 70% of that. So that is the China contribution. In terms of the regional performance within the quarter, APAC was the most challenged. And North America and EMEA were fairly similar in sort of the high-single digits, low single digits year-over-year challenge.

Operator: Our next question will come from Mason Carrico of Stephens. Your line is open Mason.

Mason Carrico: Hi, guys. Thanks for taking the question. Sorry about the issues earlier. A lot has been asked. I'll keep it to one. Could you talk a little bit about the growth you've seen in your CRO service network? And then broadly, are you seeing any dynamic where customers are increasingly deciding to outsource their samples or their work to CROs instead of purchasing and other instruments themselves, given the upfront capital costs.

Brian McKelligon: Yes. To your last question first. Our CRO -- our network of CRO providers, the 20 or so those are increasingly our highest users, whether they're on the HDs or the PCF or both. So I do think you see a growing trend or consistent growing trend of outsourcing. And this is particularly true when we have groups, whether they're an academic group or a biopharma group that are working to build large high plex panels of 50 to 60 plus flex. And then deploy those as a routine commercial offering. And I’d say that as a CRO or that is a core lab. And so when we speak to the dynamics Mason of our customer base where they want to do a 50 or 60 plex and have that as a standard offering. Now with our ability to deliver that and fully commit to delivering that, that was just to take some liberties with your question, that sort of dynamic of wanting a routine 50 to 60 plus offering to make broadly available, solving for that problem, which we had throughout the first part of the first quarter is really fundamental to not just recovering a reagent growth, but enabling reference driven instrument opportunities that were kicked forward because of the issues. So that is an absolute dynamic. In our own internal lab services, we try our best to not directly compete with our CRO partners and really focus primarily on those large significant late-stage opportunities that have a good probability of turning into a clinical trial assay and an ongoing clinical study. And so with that, and I think NeraCare is a great example of a catalyst that's going to drive those. And you look at our Q4 lab services revenue, and it's a bit of an astros but if you look at our Q1 with a slight deferral, you can see that, that momentum is continuing to build.

Mason Carrico: Got it. That’s helpful. Thank you.

Operator: And our last question will be coming from Timothy Chiang of Capital One. Timothy your line is open.

Timothy Chiang: Hi, thanks. Johnny, you gave a little bit of guidance for the fourth quarter. And obviously, it is sort of back of the envelope assuming 20% growth over the fourth quarter last year on the top line. I mean do you expect growth to occur in the second quarter? Or is it more -- much more heavily weighted to the back half of this year?

Johnny Ek: Yes. I would -- thanks, Tim. I would look at sort of a progression up to that growth rate into Q4. So we don't expect -- again, without giving direct guidance on each quarter, we don't expect Q2 to be a roaring quarter and then be at that level through the year. We expect sort of a sequential through the year and get back, as Brian sort of highlighted, I think, in his prepared remarks, progressing back towards the growth rate that we have seen historically.

Timothy Chiang: In reagent revenue, I mean that's obviously one of the more important high-margin businesses that you guys have. How quickly do you think that will recover? I mean you had growth even in the first quarter, but how quickly do you think you can get to 25%, 30% growth again?

Johnny Ek: Yes. I think that reagent is probably where we have the cleanest and most visibility right now because we have the facility fully running, able to supply to customers all the reagents they need. And so as you can imagine, in Q1 we were granting that live and we still had a good quarter of reagents in Q1. So through the rest of the year, we expect to be able to get back to that our normalized reagent growth rate relatively quickly.

Timothy Chiang: And 60% gross margins are still achievable sometime in the back half of this year?

Johnny Ek: Yes. As I think I mentioned earlier on our sort of standard margin for instruments and reagents are both very strong and we feel support that margin growth. It's a matter of making sure that our total revenue, and we have some of the CDx revenue, which can be a nice margin that we ensure we have that base to cover fixed cost of that new facility in Q1 that we incurred it. But we're comfortable with kind of how we see the full year from a gross margin perspective, based on the initiatives that we've already started and starting to see the fruit from.

Timothy Chiang: Okay, great. Thanks.

Operator: And I'm showing no further questions. I would now like to turn the call back to Brian for closing remarks.

Brian McKelligon: Yes. Look, thank you all for your questions and your time. I know that we covered a lot of ground, and it was a very unique and challenging quarter for Akoya, given our historical consistent execution. But I think we firmly believe that we have proactively addressed the core drivers of the top-line miss, particularly those driven by the instruments on a temporary manufacturing transition. And so with that and the clinical revenue pushed to second half of the year, we really feel like we've got ourselves on track to recover and see our continuous sequential improvements in our top-line performance, as well as our margin performance. And I think catering that in mid to longer term, the three partnerships we’ve talked about really are showing really high-value clinical market opportunity. And we feel like these current emerging opportunities, which are really late-stage program, provide us the ability to deliver either long-term clinical value, coupled with the recovery on the core business side. So with that, we thank you for your time and look forward to following that.

Operator: Ladies and gentlemen this concludes today's conference. Thank you for participating. You may now disconnect.

This article was generated with the support of AI and reviewed by an editor. For more information see our T&C.

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