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Asia FX rises, dollar index slides below 100 on waning rate hike bets

Published 07/14/2023, 12:23 AM
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Investing.com -- Most Asian currencies rose on Friday, while the dollar hit a 15-month low against a basket of currencies as weak U.S. inflation readings saw investors pricing in fewer interest rate hikes this year.

Weak producer and consumer inflation readings released this week reinforced bets that the Federal Reserve was close to reaching peak interest rates, and that a hike in July could potentially be the last in the Fed’s current rate hike cycle.

This weighed on the dollar and spurred plays into more risk-driven assets, benefiting Asian currencies.

The Japanese yen rose 0.4%, hitting a two-month high against the greenback, while the Singapore dollar rose 0.3% after preliminary data showed that the island state’s economy grew more than expected in the second quarter.

The Australian dollar rose 0.1%, amid some uncertainty over monetary policy after the government named Deputy Reserve Bank Governor Michele Bullock as the new central bank governor.

The South Korean won rose 0.2%, while the Malaysian ringgit surged 1.5% amid speculation over currency market intervention by the Malaysian central bank.

Dollar index falls below 100 amid bets on peak interest rates

The dollar index and dollar index futures logged steep losses this week, falling below the 100 level for the first time since April 2022. Losses in the currency spilled over into Asian trade on Friday, with the two indicators losing about 0.2% each.

The soft inflation readings fueled bets that U.S. interest rates will peak at 5.50% in the current rate hike cycle, with the Fed widely expected to pause the cycle with a 25 basis point hike later this month.

Fed Fund futures prices showed that markets were pricing in a high chance of no further hikes this year, given that recent payrolls data also pointed to some cooling in the labor market.

But Fed officials warned that the bank will still keep a data-driven approach to rate hikes. Governor Christopher Waller said on Thursday that relative strength in the U.S. economy still gave the bank more headroom to keep raising rates, and that he had not ruled out the chance of at least two more hikes this year.

Chinese yuan rises amid focus on stimulus talk, Q2 GDP

The Chinese yuan rose 0.3% on Friday, coming close to a one-month high following a series of stronger-than-expected midpoint fixes by the People’s Bank of China (PBOC).

But the outlook for the yuan still remained negative, as a series of weak economic readings raised concerns over the Chinese economy. PBOC officials said on Friday that the bank will roll out more stimulus to support growth.

Focus is now on second-quarter gross domestic product data, due on Monday, to gauge just how much a Chinese economic recovery slowed over the past three months.

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