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Vietnam could allow companies to import gold for first time in years, industry official says

Published 06/10/2024, 07:34 PM
Updated 06/12/2024, 11:50 PM
© Reuters. An employee places ingots of 99.99 percent pure gold in a workroom at the Novosibirsk precious metals refining and manufacturing plant in the Siberian city of Novosibirsk, Russia, September 15, 2023. REUTERS/Alexander Manzyuk/File Photo

By Ashitha Shivaprasad and Brijesh Patel

SINGAPORE (Reuters) -

(This June 10 story has been officially corrected to fix the source's quote to remove reference to the timeline from the government on imports in paragraph 4, and also to change the figure to 33 tonnes, from 33 million tonnes, in paragraph 9)

Vietnam could allow companies to import gold for the first time in over a decade, as it aims to bridge the widening gap between local prices and international benchmarks, an industry official told Reuters.

The Vietnam Gold Traders Association (VGTA) has been in protracted talks with the government over measures to correct the imbalance in supply and demand of gold, Huynh Trung Khanh, the association's vice chair said.

Vietnam's government virtually took full control of imports and local bullion sales in 2012, with certain large companies allowed to import the precious metal provided they repurposed it as jewellery for export.

"We hope that by July they will allow gold companies to import directly," Khanh said on the sidelines of the Asia Pacific Precious Metals conference, referring to the raw material for jewellery manufacturing.

He added that this will be subjected to State Bank of Vietnam's decision on a petition submitted by the association regarding future changes in gold management policy.

It would mark a significant departure from the current policy, under which the central bank tightly controls imports. The State Bank of Vietnam did not respond to a request seeking comment.

Attempts to narrow the gap with international benchmarks by holding auctions and allowing four local banks to sell gold in a bid to increase liquidity have largely failed to have a sustained impact, with domestic prices still trading at stubbornly high premiums to global prices.

Immediately reducing premiums on domestic prices is crucial, as VGTA estimates Vietnam's gold demand will surge this year. The southeast nation is among the top 10 consumers of gold.

Gold purchases are set to rise 10% on a yearly basis to 33 tonnes during the first six months of this year, Khanh said in his presentation at the conference.

Retail buyers, who view gold as a wealth preservation tool to guard against economic uncertainty, account for a lion's share of the purchases in the south east Asian economy, home to about 100 million people.

"The key reasons for this strong retail investment demand were the sharp decrease in saving interest rates, the frozen real estate and the constant devaluation of the national currency versus the U.S. dollar," Khanh said.

"We have had people queuing in the streets, in the sun and rain to buy more gold."

A sharp surge in demand for gold has also lead to increased smuggling, especially from neighbouring Cambodia, Khanh said, adding that it made immediate policy action critical.

© Reuters. An employee places ingots of 99.99 percent pure gold in a workroom at the Novosibirsk precious metals refining and manufacturing plant in the Siberian city of Novosibirsk, Russia, September 15, 2023. REUTERS/Alexander Manzyuk/File Photo

"It is a very big underground system network. With such a big price hike, the rate of smuggling is still high."

The VGTA and the World Gold Council, a global industry body, are currently working with the Vietnamese central bank and other government agencies to set-up a national gold exchange, a move it believes would provide more market stability.

(Reporting Ashitha Shivaprasad and Brijesh Patel in Singapore; Editing by Dave Gregorio and Neil Fullick.)

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