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COVID spread fears grow as China unwinds zero-tolerance curbs

Economic Indicators Dec 08, 2022 08:17PM ET
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5/5 © Reuters. People wearing face masks cross a street, as coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreaks continue in Shanghai, China, December 8, 2022. REUTERS/Aly Song 2/5
 
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By Brenda Goh and Ella Cao

BEIJING/SHANGHAI (Reuters) - As many Chinese embraced new freedoms on Thursday after the country dropped key parts of its tough zero-COVID regime, there was mounting concern that a virus that had largely been kept in check could soon run wild.

Three years into the pandemic, many in China had been eager for Beijing to start to align its rigid virus prevention measures with the rest of the world, which has largely opened up in an effort to live with the disease.

Those frustrations boiled over into widespread protests last month, the biggest show of public discontent since President Xi Jinping came to power in 2012.

Without saying it was a response to those protests, some cities and regions began relaxing COVID controls, in moves that heralded a nationwide loosening of the rules unveiled by the National Health Commission on Wednesday.

The NHC said infected people with mild symptoms can now quarantine at home and it dropped the need for testing and health status checks on mobile apps for a variety of activities including travelling around the country.

Domestic ticket sales for tourist and leisure spots have soared, according to state press, while some people took to social media to reveal they had tested positive for the virus - something that had previously carried heavy stigma in China.

Others expressed caution.

"I know COVID is not so 'horrifying' now, but it is still contagious and will hurt," said one post on the Weibo (NASDAQ:WB) platform. "The fear brought to our heart cannot be easily dissipated."

"Too many positives!" said another Weibo user.

Some manufacturers and restaurants keen to stay open in China are preferring to err on the side of caution, by retaining COVID-19 curbs until they get a clearer picture of just how workplaces will be affected by the easing of stringent measures.

However, Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) supplier Foxconn's COVID-hit Zhengzhou facility in China lifted its "closed-loop" management curbs on Thursday, it said in a statement posted on its WeChat account.

The Zhengzhou industrial park where Foxconn is located has been under a closed-loop system that isolated the plant from the wider world for 56 days.

China reported 21,165 new local COVID-19 infections on Dec. 7, down from the previous day and below a peak of 40,052 local cases on Nov. 27. Cases have been trending lower recently as authorities across the country dropped testing requirements.

China and Hong Kong stocks lifted Asian equity markets on Thursday, as these still cautious steps towards reopening were seen giving the world's second-largest economy a chance to regather momentum. Macau casino operators in part led the rally, finishing up 12.2%, sending their quarterly gain to 46.5%.

China's yuan, which has also recovered some ground against the dollar in recent weeks, was little changed on Thursday.

More broadly, the shift will probably depress economic growth over the next few months as infections surge, bringing a rebound only later in 2023, economists said.

That growth will keep picking up pace with the implementation of relaxation measures, state media CCTV quoted Premier Li Keqiang as saying on Thursday.

ILL-PREPARED

China's most populous city Shanghai, which endured one of the country's longest and harshest lockdowns, on Thursday dropped the need for COVID tests to enter restaurants or entertainment venues.

There has been no mention of China's "zero-COVID" policy in recent announcements, raising suspicions that the term is becoming defunct.

Top officials have also been softening their tone on the dangers posed by the virus.

But, while adopting the new more relaxed controls, some cities urged residents to remain vigilant.

Some analysts and medical experts say China is ill-prepared for a major surge in infections, partly due to low vaccination rates among the vulnerable and its fragile healthcare system.

Amid reports of panic buying of fever medicine, financial news outlet Yicai, citing third-party data, said the average daily sales volume of home test kits had risen more than 400 times from November.

"It (China) may have to pay for its procrastination on embracing a 'living with COVID' approach," Nomura analysts said in a note on Thursday.

Infection rates in China are only around 0.13%, "far from the level needed for herd immunity", Nomura said.

Feng Zijian, a former official in China's Center for Disease Control, told the China Youth Daily that up to 60% of China's population could be infected in the first large-scale wave before stabilising.

"Ultimately, around 80%-90% of people will be infected," he said.

The country will probably face a large-scale outbreak in the next one to two months, state-owned magazine China Newsweek reported on Thursday, citing health experts.

China's current tally of 5,235 COVID-related deaths is a tiny fraction of its population of 1.4 billion, and extremely low by global standards. Some experts have warned that toll could rise above 1.5 million if the exit is too hasty.

But, even with the dangers, for many there is an acceptance that life must go on.

"It's impossible to kill this virus completely, maybe just live with it and hope it will evolve into flu," said Yan, a 22-year-old unemployed Beijing resident, who said he hoped a further opening up of China's economy would help him find a job.

(This story has been corrected to change the number of local cases in paragraph 13 to 21,165 from 21,439.)

COVID spread fears grow as China unwinds zero-tolerance curbs
 

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Comments (4)
Trumpster Rocks
Trumpster Rocks Dec 09, 2022 1:29AM ET
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Dr Death Fauci should be forced to wear a mask the rest of is Corrupt life for being responsible for this Total Farce along with the Communist run gov of Chna
William Smith
William Smith Dec 08, 2022 10:07PM ET
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The only thing spreading is the lefts endless propaganda regards the virus. The USA can't give away Covid boosters, no one wears masks, people mix in large groups everywhere, Covid cases way lower than a year ago, hospitalizations a fraction of a year ago and Covid deaths at an all time low.
JIM VETTER
JIM VETTER Dec 08, 2022 8:56PM ET
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If COVID had taught us anything, it's the need to divest from China, stop relying on their Communist leaders. This country is now dealing with a shortage of basic antibiotics because Big Pharma only wants to focus on worthless COVID vaccines and HIV meds that cost $100k/ MONTH
Kurz M Ndandu
Kurz M Ndandu Dec 07, 2022 11:10PM ET
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I don't agree with 1.5 million deaths projection. they don't mind wearing mask unlike here in US. people could not even keep a mask on.
JIM VETTER
JIM VETTER Dec 07, 2022 11:10PM ET
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you need to understand that masks are worthless. Try educating yourself. More and more studies are proving masks won't stop COVID, or any virus. In fact, it's ****been shown N- 95 masks, even fitted, do nothing
 
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