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Will Higher Interest Rates Shake The Gold Market?

By Sunshine Profits (Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA)CommoditiesMay 08, 2022 01:12AM ET
www.investing.com/analysis/will-higher-interest-rates-shake-the-gold-market-200623694
Will Higher Interest Rates Shake The Gold Market?
By Sunshine Profits (Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA)   |  May 08, 2022 01:12AM ET
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With the Fed the focus of investors’ attention this week, the central bank raised interest rates by 50 basis points. However, while market participants initially put on brave faces, optimism turned to pessimism as reality re-emerged. To explain, I wrote on May 5:

With investors hitching their wagons to the Fed’s horse on May 4, they still believe that Chairman Jerome Powell can accomplish the impossible. Therefore, it’s all about following the man who will lead you to prosperity.

GDXJ/S&P 500 Index Chart
GDXJ/S&P 500 Index Chart

To explain, the red line above tracks the one-minute movement of the S&P 500, while the gold line above tracks the one-minute movement of the GDXJ ETF. If you analyze the relationship, you can see that both sunk at the outset of Powell’s presser and then rallied into the close. As a result, a little bullish sentiment combined with some short-covering were the perfect ingredients for a sharp daily rally.

However, not only did the pair’s medium-term fundamentals not follow suit, they actually worsened. Therefore, while sentiment rules the day in the short term, their medium-term outlooks couldn’t be more treacherous.

Well, with investors’ panic attack turning the medium-term into one day, the S&P 500 and the VanEck Junior Gold Miners ETF (NYSE:GDXJ) gave back all of their misguided gains and then some.

GDXJ/S&P 500 Index Chart
GDXJ/S&P 500 Index Chart

However, the medium-term outlook remains unchanged and what I wrote on Apr. 27 still stands: while investors will likely remain in ‘buy the dip’ mode until the very end, lower highs and lower lows should confront the S&P 500 and the PMs over the next few months.

Remember, investors are always looking for the bottom. They speculate, hoping that every morsel of bullish news will turn the tide. On May 4, that optimism was underwritten by the relief that the Fed didn’t hike rates by 75 basis points.

However, it’s not about how much the Fed hikes at a given meeting; it’s about how long the rate hike cycle lasts and whether or not the Fed turns dovish. Therefore, with officials stuck between a rock (growth) and a hard place (inflation), bad news should continue to hammer the financial markets for the foreseeable future.

To explain, when analyzing Chairman Jerome Powell’s prediction of a soft landing, I wrote that this statement should go down as one of the most important quotes of 2022:

“I do expect that this will be very challenging; it’s not going to be easy; and it may well depend on events that are not in our control. But our job is to use our tools to try to achieve that outcome, and that’s what we’re going to do.”

As such, with Powell noting that a soft landing "may well depend on events that are not in our control," he's essentially telling you that the Fed is past the point of managing this outbreak. In reality, inflation is like cancer. Once it spreads, it reaches a point where too much damage has been done to save the patient.

Thus, this is where we are now. With the Fed's "blunt tools" poised to inflict serious damage on the U.S. economy, the undesirable trade-off of supporting growth versus curbing inflation has the Fed in a material bind. As a result, investors severely underestimate the challenges that will confront them over the next several months.

Therefore, what should Powell do? On the one hand, he could hammer home rate hikes, kill demand, eviscerate inflation, and push the U.S. economy into recession. On the other hand, he could stop hiking, support growth and let inflation rage.

However, investors don’t realize that both roads lead to the same destination. If Powell is serious about fighting inflation, the end result is pretty clear. If he performs a dovish 180, the S&P 500 and the PMs could bask in the short-term glory.

Yet, the medium-term implications are even more bearish (for the stock market) if the second scenario unfolds.

Letting inflation rage will cripple long-term economic growth and push the U.S. economy into an even deeper recession (with a lag) than if Powell hikes the federal funds rate to 3.5%.

As a result, investors don’t understand that what they cheered for on May 4 (the hope of a dovish Fed) will actually lead to the worst possible long-term outcome. Thus, whether it’s one day, one week, or one month of bullish optimism, the ghost of stimulus past should haunt investors for much of 2022.

To that point, there is a third scenario; and with the bulls desperately searching for a medium-term catalyst, the new narrative from CNBC’s oracle looks like this:

CNBC Article Extract
CNBC Article Extract

Source: CNBC

He said:

CNBC Article Extract
CNBC Article Extract

Source: CNBC

Therefore, when inflation is too high to expect a dovish pivot and the Fed’s “blunt tools” are too harsh to avoid collateral damage, the only bullish narrative left is to predict that inflation will subside on its own.

However, while I’ve been warning since 2021 that the concept is laughable, desperate times call for desperate measures. Furthermore, even if inflation peaks on a year-over-year (YoY) basis, it’s still increasing month-over-month (MoM). As such, “the fool wonders; the wise man asks.”

So, let’s dig a little deeper than Cramer. On May 5, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released its nonfarm business sector labor productivity report. An excerpt read:

BLS Release Statement
BLS Release Statement

Source: BLS

Now, this is lagged data, so the future implications are less relevant than PMIs or business surveys. However, the results are still profound.

For example, labor productivity measures output produced per hour. When productivity increases, employees produce more goods in the same amount of time, or the same amount of goods in less time. In a nutshell: they are more ‘productive.’

However, the important point is that productivity offsets wage inflation. When productivity increases, the number of goods one person creates increases, and even if that individual receives a wage increase, the labor cost per unit can remain constant or decline. As such, the company doesn’t need to pass the wage increase on to the consumer.

With productivity declining by 7.5% in Q1, U.S. employees are producing fewer goods in the same amount of time, or the same amount of goods in more time. As a result, unit labor costs have increased materially, which is extremely inflationary.

Second, the CNBC article stated: “Cramer said rising mortgage rates should cool the housing market,” and therefore, help reduce inflation. Now, I agree with the long-term implications of his thinking.

However, his uninformed analysis assumes that housing prices are reflected in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). In reality, shelter (rent inflation+) accounts for more than 30% of the headline CPI’s movement. Therefore, higher mortgage rates won’t impact rent inflation until several months down the road.

Case in point: Apartment List released its National Rent Report on Apr. 27. An excerpt read:

“Rent growth is continuing to pick up steam again, after a brief winter cooldown, with our national index up by 0.9 percent over the course of April. So far this year, rents are growing more slowly than they did in 2021, but faster than the growth we observed in the years immediately preceding the pandemic.”

U.S. Annual Change In Median Rent
U.S. Annual Change In Median Rent

Furthermore, please consider that with median rents up by 2.5% YoY in four months, that annualizes to nearly 7.7% YoY for 2022. Likewise, a continuation of the current trend would result in 2022 YoY median rent inflation that’s 2.3x 2018 and 3.3x 2019’s figures.

In addition, the spring and summer months are when peak pricing occurs. As a result, the data is extremely bullish for Fed policy.

The report added:

“In December 2021, rents fell in 61 of the nation’s 100 largest cities, the only month last year in which more than half of these cities saw a decline. This month, however, rents were up in 93 of the nation’s 100 largest cities (…).”

“As we enter the spring and summer months, rental activity is likely to pick up, and rent growth is likely to accelerate. Despite a recent cool-down, many American renters are likely to remain burdened throughout 2022 by historically high housing costs.”

Finally, S&P Global released its U.S. Services PMI on May 4. The report revealed:

“U.S. service providers recorded a steep expansion in business activity during April, according to the latest PMI™ data. The rate of output growth eased to the slowest for three months but was sharp overall…. Demand conditions remained strong and sparked the fastest rise in employment for a year as backlogs mounted at a near-record pace.”

More importantly, though:

S&P Global Release
S&P Global Release

Source: S&P Global

Moreover, the data mirrors the results from S&P Global’s U.S. Manufacturing PMI released on May 2:

S&P Global Release
S&P Global Release

Source: S&P Global

Also noteworthy, I wrote on May 4 that the U.S.10-year Treasury yield has continued its ascent, [and] while the Treasury benchmark eclipsed 3% intraday on May 3, a close above the key psychological level should occur sooner rather than later.

Well, sooner has arrived:

UST10Y Daily Chart
UST10Y Daily Chart

The bottom line? While it's surprising how CNBC personalities will say things without doing their homework, the Fed's reality check still has room to run. Moreover, I warned on Mar. 28 that investors' confidence would eventually cower. I wrote:

The PMs and the general stock market remain in la-la land. Despite repeated warnings from Fed officials and a rout in the bond market, both asset classes continue to ignore the potential ramifications. However, with the medium term likely to elicit a profound shift in sentiment, the Fed’s war on inflation should send shockwaves across the financial markets.

As a result, while investors slowly realize the implications of the Fed’s catch-22, plenty of downside is needed before the medium-term effects are accurately priced in.

In conclusion, the PMs were mixed on May 5, as mining stocks suffered the brunt of the damage. However, with the Fed on a hawkish warpath and the medium-term outlooks bullish for the USD Index and real yields, the PMs should confront more selling pressure before long-term buying opportunities emerge.

Please note that a short-term buying opportunity may present itself if certain technical developments materialize in the coming days.

What To Watch For Next Week

With more U.S. economic data releases next week, the most important are as follows:

With employment making up one-half of the Fed’s dual mandate, continued strength in the U.S. labor market could add more fuel to the hawkish fire.

With small businesses having a material impact on U.S. employment and inflation, it will be interesting to see if employers continue to increase staff and raise prices.

  • May 11: Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Although it’s lagged data, outperformance and underperformance often move markets. As a result, the CPI will likely be the most watched data point next week.

With the PPI often leading the CPI, the former is an important component of the inflation story.

With consumers dealing with rising mortgage rates and unrelenting inflation, it will be interesting to see how sentiment is holding up.

All in all, economic data releases impact the PMs because they impact monetary policy. Moreover, if we continue to see higher employment and inflation, the Fed should keep its foot on the hawkish accelerator. If that occurs, the outcome is profoundly bearish for the PMs.

Will Higher Interest Rates Shake The Gold Market?
 

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Will Higher Interest Rates Shake The Gold Market?

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Comments (3)
Erikas Ivan
Erikas Ivan May 09, 2022 11:29AM ET
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Appreciate the thoroughness of your analyses and scenarios, as always.
craig smith
craig smith May 08, 2022 3:45PM ET
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Why do you have to write three articles a week for a six month prediction? That's sixty to seventy articles over the next six months.
craig smith
craig smith May 08, 2022 3:45PM ET
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Excellent comment
craig smith
craig smith May 08, 2022 3:45PM ET
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I totally agree!
Azariah Arthur
Azariah Arthur May 08, 2022 12:36PM ET
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Well detailed
 
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