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U.S. Dollar Braces For Another Surge

By FxPro Financial Services Ltd (Alexander Kuptsikevich)ForexOct 26, 2021 07:19AM ET
U.S. Dollar Braces For Another Surge
By FxPro Financial Services Ltd (Alexander Kuptsikevich)   |  Oct 26, 2021 07:19AM ET
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The US dollar has been losing ground for the past two weeks, but it looks more like a tactical retreat before a new surge, while significant near-term factors are playing on the greenback’s side.

US dollar index daily chart.
US dollar index daily chart.

US central bank officials are bolstering markets with confidence that they will announce a reduction in Fed balance sheet purchases in November.

This flow of new dollar liquidity will become smaller and be further reduced month by month, drying up entirely by July next year. At least, that is the market expectation and the Fed’s forecasts.

This has been priced in since June. Still, its influence weakened due to debates over the US government debt ceiling, which restricted the US Treasury.

The Treasury could not borrow money in the markets and only spent the liquidity reserves, almost completely depleting them when the legislators raised the debt ceiling.

Surprisingly, the Finance Ministry acted very cautiously last week, borrowing only $44 billion on markets. This modest appetite indicates the reluctance to sell new securities into the market when the existing ones fall in price as their yields rise.

US Fed's balance sheet vs ECB purchases.
US Fed's balance sheet vs ECB purchases.

Observers point out that the Fed helped the Treasury as much as it could by buying more than $80 billion in Treasuries off the market, which kept their price down by exhausting two-thirds of the whole month purchase limit on the balance sheet.

But the Ministry of Finance still has to enter the markets to borrow in the coming weeks. This promises to push US government bond yields to new year highs for long-term securities and multi-year highs for shorter issues.

Massive auctions and rising yields will suck liquidity from other markets, causing capital to flow into dollars.

Meanwhile, in some other markets, central banks continue to be persuaded that their policies are soft. The People’s Bank of China is injecting increasing amounts of liquidity to keep domestic yields from rising.

USD/JPY daily price chart.
USD/JPY daily price chart.

The Bank of Japan lowered its consumer price forecast this morning, contrary to 13-year highs in wholesale price inflation, without giving any signals that it might abandon its crisis tools in the foreseeable future.

After a short recovery late last week, the yen resumed its slide and traded above 114.

On balance, we have the action of the US Treasury and the Fed both reducing the supply of new dollars into the financial system, while the major global central banks predominantly avoid policy tightening.

All three factors work together, creating a near-perfect basis for the Dollar to rise in the coming weeks.

U.S. Dollar Braces For Another Surge

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U.S. Dollar Braces For Another Surge

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Comments (1)
Evan Ault
Evan Ault Oct 26, 2021 8:57PM ET
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and when the fed disappoints YET AGAIN? then what?
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