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Wirecard witness admits guilt but pins German fraud blame on ex-CEO

Published Dec 19, 2022 07:17AM ET Updated Dec 19, 2022 09:05AM ET
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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Wirecard's former CEO Markus Braun arrives in the courtroom as his trial continues, after the German payments company collapsed in the wake of a fraud scandal in 2020, in Munich, Germany, December 12, 2022. REUTERS/Lukas Barth/File Photo
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By Christina Amann

MUNICH (Reuters) - The key prosecution witness in Germany's biggest post-war fraud trial admitted guilt on Monday in a scam that led to Wirecard's collapse but said the company was a "swindle" from the start, with former chief executive Markus Braun at its core.

Wirecard's downfall two years ago shook the German business establishment, putting politicians who had backed it under intense scrutiny, along with regulators that took years to investigate allegations against the payments company.

Oliver Bellenhaus, who was head of Wirecard's subsidiary in Dubai, became a key witness in the case after turning himself in to German authorities in 2020.

Bellenhaus is on trial along with former CEO Braun, who denies wrongdoing and accuses others of running a shadow operation without his knowledge, and one other high-ranking manager of the defunct blue-chip company.

They face charges including fraud and market manipulation and could be jailed for up to 15 years if convicted.

Florian Eder, a lawyer for Bellenhaus, told Reuters that the cooperation of his client should result in a "very significant reduction" in his sentence. Bellenhaus has been in custody for close to two years.

At the start of the trial this month, prosecutors accused the defendants of being part of a gang that invented vast sums of phantom revenue through bogus transactions with partner companies to mislead creditors and investors.

Prosecutors said the deception allowed managers to siphon money out of Wirecard for years.

"Small lies became big lies ... It was a swindle from the beginning," Bellenhaus told the court, saying he deeply regretted his involvement and the damage it caused.

In testimony last week, Braun's lawyers alleged that Bellenhaus was the main perpetrator of the fraud at Wirecard, which began processing payments for pornography and online gambling and rose to be a DAX company worth $28 billion.

But Bellenhaus told the court on Monday it was "blind loyalty" to Braun, whom he described as an "absolutist CEO", that had landed him in court in Munich.

"Braun gave the marching orders and everyone followed," he said.

In his 95-page statement, Bellenhaus described how accounts were fudged and revenues fabricated.

At one point, staff rented space in a Dubai hotel, where they generated fake transactions for an audit, he said, adding that the remote location was to chosen to hide from journalists and for its proximity to a shopping mall for food.

Founded in 1999 and based in the Munich suburb of Aschheim, Wirecard became a showpiece for a new type of German tech company that could compete with the established titans of Europe's largest economy.

But after successfully lobbying German authorities to investigate those who were scrutinising its finances, Wirecard was eventually forced to admit in June 2020 that 1.9 billion euros were missing from its balance sheet.

A verdict is not expected until 2024 at the earliest.

(This story has been corrected to fix the length of the length of the Bellenhaus statement to 95 pages, not 100 pages)

Wirecard witness admits guilt but pins German fraud blame on ex-CEO

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