Breaking News
Get Actionable Insights with InvestingPro+: Start 7 Day FREE Trial Register here
Investing Pro 0
Ad-Free Version. Upgrade your experience. Save up to 40% More details

EU leaders risk trade tension with carbon border tax to protect industry

Stock Markets Oct 02, 2019 12:21PM ET
Saved. See Saved Items.
This article has already been saved in your Saved Items

By Susanna Twidale and Barbara Lewis

LONDON (Reuters) - The new European Union executive risks stoking international tensions over trade and the environment even before it takes office in November by promising a carbon border tax to shelter its industry from the cost of cutting emissions.

Previous European Commissions have resisted calls, led by steelmakers and traditionally protectionist France, for a carbon levy on imports to protect Europe's relatively clean and expensive manufacturers from competition from cheaper production elsewhere.

But fresh momentum has come from increased prices in the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), the European Union's flagship instrument for making polluters pay, as well as a rising tide of protectionism led by the United States.

(GRAPHIC - Benchmark European carbon price:

Until now, the Commission has handed out free ETS permits to tackle industry's complaints it is subject to "carbon leakage," the term used to refer to the possibility high EU compliance costs will drive manufacturers to move their plants to lower-cost parts of the world.

But from 2021, companies will receive fewer free permits, boosting their costs just as they face investing in expensive new technology to enable the EU to reach a goal of climate neutrality by 2050, in line with the Paris Agreement on curbing global warming.

Some lawyers say the Commission must be prepared to be pulled into trade conflicts or European industry will be destroyed.

"Either the EU prepares itself for and accepts the risk of retaliation or it simply allows other countries to continue with a major artificial advantage which will increasingly destroy EU manufacturing," Laurent Ruessmann, Brussels-based partner at Fieldfisher law firm, said.

History suggests the United States and China will respond if the Commission's proposal ever becomes law.

The United States, China and other foreign governments, accused the EU of acting beyond its jurisdiction when it tried to include international aviation in the EU ETS.

The attempt to charge all aircraft for their pollution led to threats from China to withhold multi-billion-dollar orders for Airbus aircraft, forcing the EU to suspend the law in 2012.

The United States mission in Brussels, which follows EU policy on behalf of the U.S. government, said it had no comment. No-one from the Chinese government could be reached for comment.


Much could depend on the design of any border tax, which so far is entirely unclear and in any case would require years of EU policy-drafting and debate to become law.

In policy guidelines, Ursula von der Leyen, the German president-elect of the new Commission, said she would introduce a carbon border tax, starting with selected sectors.

Acknowledging possible challenges, she said it "should be fully compliant with World Trade Organization rules".

Italy's Paolo Gentiloni, who is expected to oversee economic affairs in the new Commission, would have a leading role in the policy debate.

He said last week the design of a border levy would have to be "carefully crafted to exert political pressure on climate laggards to take action, to ensure that EU companies can compete on a level playing field".

Harro van Asselt, professor of climate law and policy at the University of Eastern Finland, said trade disputes could be avoided.

"Limiting the measure to trade-exposed, energy-intensive industries is sensible from an economic, environmental and legal point of view," he said, adding it was also important for the European Union to consult other countries about the measure's potential impact.

The steel industry, represented by industry body Eurofer, said it welcomes the proposed border tax without commenting further. ArcelorMittal (AS:MT), the world's biggest steelmaker, has said it wants a carbon border tax, but did not respond to questions for this article.

The sector has not yet said whether it would accept losing other support, in the form of free ETS permits, as demanded by environmental organisations.

The upstream mining sector, which provides coking coal and iron ore to make steel, has acknowledged it needs to address emissions from the use of its products. It has previously called for a global carbon price but so far has been ambivalent about a carbon border tax.

The world's leading miner BHP (AX:BHP) (L:BHPB), when asked about the idea, referred back to comments from CEO Andrew Mackenzie in July in London.

"I am a free trader. Naturally, when you start talking about border taxes, I get a little bit anxious," Mackenzie said.

The green lobby, meanwhile, worries that riling China -- which, unlike the United States, remains engaged in the ongoing U.N. effort to reduce global emissions -- could be counter-productive.

"You risk setting up a massive climate protectionism mechanism and it would not move decarbonization on," Sam Van den plas, policy director at Carbon Market Watch said.

EU leaders risk trade tension with carbon border tax to protect industry

Related Articles

Former Deutsche Bank co-CEO Anshu Jain dies
Former Deutsche Bank co-CEO Anshu Jain dies By Reuters - Aug 13, 2022 10

(Reuters) -Anshu Jain, a top finance executive best known for helping German lender Deutsche Bank AG (NYSE:DB) take on the largest Wall Street firms, died overnight on Saturday...

Add a Comment

Comment Guidelines

We encourage you to use comments to engage with other users, share your perspective and ask questions of authors and each other. However, in order to maintain the high level of discourse we’ve all come to value and expect, please keep the following criteria in mind:  

  •            Enrich the conversation, don’t trash it.

  •           Stay focused and on track. Only post material that’s relevant to the topic being discussed. 

  •           Be respectful. Even negative opinions can be framed positively and diplomatically. Avoid profanity, slander or personal attacks directed at an author or another user. Racism, sexism and other forms of discrimination will not be tolerated.

  • Use standard writing style. Include punctuation and upper and lower cases. Comments that are written in all caps and contain excessive use of symbols will be removed.
  • NOTE: Spam and/or promotional messages and comments containing links will be removed. Phone numbers, email addresses, links to personal or business websites, Skype/Telegram/WhatsApp etc. addresses (including links to groups) will also be removed; self-promotional material or business-related solicitations or PR (ie, contact me for signals/advice etc.), and/or any other comment that contains personal contact specifcs or advertising will be removed as well. In addition, any of the above-mentioned violations may result in suspension of your account.
  • Doxxing. We do not allow any sharing of private or personal contact or other information about any individual or organization. This will result in immediate suspension of the commentor and his or her account.
  • Don’t monopolize the conversation. We appreciate passion and conviction, but we also strongly believe in giving everyone a chance to air their point of view. Therefore, in addition to civil interaction, we expect commenters to offer their opinions succinctly and thoughtfully, but not so repeatedly that others are annoyed or offended. If we receive complaints about individuals who take over a thread or forum, we reserve the right to ban them from the site, without recourse.
  • Only English comments will be allowed.

Perpetrators of spam or abuse will be deleted from the site and prohibited from future registration at’s discretion.

Write your thoughts here
Are you sure you want to delete this chart?
Post also to:
Replace the attached chart with a new chart ?
Your ability to comment is currently suspended due to negative user reports. Your status will be reviewed by our moderators.
Please wait a minute before you try to comment again.
Thanks for your comment. Please note that all comments are pending until approved by our moderators. It may therefore take some time before it appears on our website.
Are you sure you want to delete this chart?
Replace the attached chart with a new chart ?
Your ability to comment is currently suspended due to negative user reports. Your status will be reviewed by our moderators.
Please wait a minute before you try to comment again.
Add Chart to Comment
Confirm Block

Are you sure you want to block %USER_NAME%?

By doing so, you and %USER_NAME% will not be able to see any of each other's's posts.

%USER_NAME% was successfully added to your Block List

Since you’ve just unblocked this person, you must wait 48 hours before renewing the block.

Report this comment

I feel that this comment is:

Comment flagged

Thank You!

Your report has been sent to our moderators for review
Continue with Google
Sign up with Email