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Saudi Arabia slashes crude prices to Asia; U.S., Europe prices steady

CommoditiesSep 06, 2021 12:16AM ET
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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: An employee holds a sample of crude oil at the Yarakta oilfield, owned by Irkutsk Oil Co, in the Irkutsk region, Russia on March 11, 2019. REUTERS/Vasily Fedosenko

By Maher Chmaytelli and Florence Tan

DUBAI/SINGAPORE (Reuters) - Saudi Arabia, the world's top oil exporter, slashed prices of all crude grades to Asian customers in October versus September, but left prices to northwestern Europe and the United States steady.

The deep price cuts come as lockdowns across Asia to combat the highly infectious delta variant of the coronavirus have capped fuel demand in the region. Global oil supplies are also increasing as the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and their allies, a grouping known as OPEC+, is raising output by 400,000 barrels per day a month between August and December.

State oil giant Saudi Aramco (SE:2222) lowered for the first time in four months the official selling price (OSP) of Arab Light crude for delivery to Asia in October to a premium of $1.70 per barrel versus the average of DME Oman and Platts Dubai crudes, according to a company pricing document. The price differential in September was a premium of $3 per barrel, the highest since February 2020.

The $1.30 price cut for October versus September was the largest monthly reduction in a year, and it took the market by surprise as buyers had been expecting prices to drop 20-40 cents a barrel, in line with changes in Dubai benchmark prices.

The deep price cuts were likely to increase demand for Saudi crude, oil traders in Asia said, encouraging buyers to nominate full volumes for October.

"This is what Saudi wants," one of the traders said.

However, the chances of Saudi Arabia engaging in another price war with other producers were slim, traders and analysts said.

"Demand is tentative. If they go down that route, they will reverse a lot of the inventory normalisation achieved over the past 12-18 months," Energy Aspects analyst Virendra Chauhan said.

Elsewhere, Saudi Aramco kept the price differential of light crude to northwest Europe unchanged, at a discount of $1.70 per barrel versus ICE (NYSE:ICE) Brent crude. It also kept the price differential of light crude to the United States unchanged at a premium of $1.35 per barrel versus ASCI.

Saudi term crude supplies to Asia are priced as a differential to the Oman/Dubai average:

ASIA

OCT SEPT CHANGE

SUPER LIGHT 3.15 4.45 -1.30

EXTRA LIGHT 2.00 3.20 -1.20

LIGHT 1.70 3.00 -1.30

MEDIUM 1.45 2.45 -1.00

HEAVY 0.40 1.40 -1.00

UNITED STATES (versus ASCI)

OCT SEPTEMBER CHANGE

EXTRA LIGHT +2.40 +2.40 0.00

LIGHT +1.35 +1.35 0.00

MEDIUM +0.65 +0.65 0.00

HEAVY +0.20 +0.20 0.00

Prices at Ras Tanura destined for Northwest Europe are set against ICE Brent:

NW EUROPE

OCT SEPTEMBER CHANGE

EXTRA LIGHT -0.80 -0.80 0.00

LIGHT -1.70 -1.70 0.00

MEDIUM -2.30 -2.30 0.00

HEAVY -3.20 -3.20 0.00

Prices at Ras Tanura for Saudi oil destined for the Mediterranean are set against ICE Brent:

MEDITERRANEAN

OCT SEPTEMBER CHANGE

EXTRA LIGHT -0.80 -0.70 -0.10

LIGHT -1.80 -1.70 -0.10

MEDIUM -2.50 -2.40 -0.10

HEAVY -3.20 -3.10 -0.10

Saudi Arabia slashes crude prices to Asia; U.S., Europe prices steady
 

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Comments (1)
Todd Gray
Todd Gray Sep 05, 2021 10:21AM ET
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the more I think about it, feeding China oil has been the plan for a long time. even Chinese tariffs don't hurt China, but they do hurt US consumers. all the US political rhetoric against China is theater.
John Eisenbeiser
John Eisenbeiser Sep 05, 2021 10:21AM ET
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Investing Man what was racist about the above comment? FYI. China ia the largerst country of Asians ,having 18.47%. Also the worlds second consumer of oil!
 
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