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Rising Recession Risk May Not Be Priced Into The Stock Market

By Michael KramerMarket OverviewMay 27, 2022 04:48AM ET
www.investing.com/analysis/rising-recession-risk-may-not-be-priced-into-the-stock-market-200624950
Rising Recession Risk May Not Be Priced Into The Stock Market
By Michael Kramer   |  May 27, 2022 04:48AM ET
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This article was written exclusively for Investing.com

As we begin moving into the summer, there may be one more shoe to drop for markets as the risk of a recession rises. After all, the US first quarter real GDP was negative, and the odds of the second quarter real GDP being negative are rising too. The Atlanta Fed GDP Now model projects second quarter growth of 1.8%. But that number has been steadily trending lower, and with inflation running at 8%, it is not out of the realm of possibilities.

These rising fears of a recession are starting to weigh on markets too. Suddenly, the dollar has moved lower, while yields, including on the 10-year note, have stopped rising. Not only that but Eurodollar and Fed Fund Futures are now pricing in fewer rate hikes and the potential for the first rate cut to come by the summer of next year.

But at this point, at least earnings estimates for the S&P 500 are still holding up, and despite the PE ratio for the index dropping sharply, the index hasn't discounted a recession. Earnings estimates are up to $227.43 per share for 2022 and higher than the roughly $220 they stood out at the start of the year. While those earnings have leveled off, they have yet to show any sign of turning lower.

S&P 500 EPS Estimates
S&P 500 EPS Estimates

The yield curve has started to shift as rates turn lower. For example, the 2-year rate has dropped from around 2.8% to about 2.5%, while the 10-Year rate has fallen to 2.8% from approximately 3.2% in the past 2-weeks. Also, the dollar index has fallen notably to around 101.80 from a high of just over 105. Potential signs indicate the market is thinking about the increased risk of a US recession and lowering expectations for future Fed rate hikes.

There have even been downward shifts in the Eurodollar futures, which project fewer rate hikes, and the potential for the Fed to start cutting rates by the middle of next year. That is a massive change from those rates that stood just a few weeks ago. On Apr. 26, the Eurodollar futures contract for June 2023 stood around 3.38%. Today, those same contracts have a rate around 3.15%, nearly an entire rate hike less. Additionally, the Eurodollar futures contracts saw the first rate cut between June and September 2023. Now those odds have shifted to the potential between March and September 2023.

Eurodollar Futures
Eurodollar Futures

All of this shifting in the currency and rate markets has undoubtedly been felt by stocks, with the PE ratio of the S&P 500 dropping sharply in 2022 due to rising rates. This has resulted in the PE ratio dropping to around 17.2 when using the 12-month forward earnings estimates, down from 22.3 at the beginning of the year.

So, while the PE multiple of the index has contracted, the earnings estimates have not changed, which leaves two big potential problems for stocks. If the US economy does enter a recession, how far do earnings estimates need to fall, and if they do drop, how much lower will the PE ratio for the market fall?

S&P P/E Ratio
S&P P/E Ratio

For earnings estimates to hold up GDP can be negative in real terms but must avoid turning negative in nominal terms, which is certainly possible given the current high inflation rates. Since revenue and earnings are reported in nominal terms, it may be that the damage to earnings estimates is not as severe and that the declines are shallow. In which case, the market may be able to hold up at current levels.

This makes it very tricky times to be an investor.

Rising Recession Risk May Not Be Priced Into The Stock Market
 

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Rising Recession Risk May Not Be Priced Into The Stock Market

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Comments (11)
Ro B
Ro B May 30, 2022 2:49PM ET
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Just tricky for you
Ro B
Ro B May 30, 2022 2:46PM ET
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i wonder what his titles will be when the market hits ATH by August. Cant wait
Michael Lee
Michael Lee May 30, 2022 2:46PM ET
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Michael has been right so far ytd ...for bullish guys like yourself have been wrong so you seem to be the one whos losing $
Vidyasagar Deshpande
Vidyasagar Deshpande May 30, 2022 10:26AM ET
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Yes. Inflation 8.5% not priced fullyHousing crashing yet to start . Fed rate .75% vs 8.5% inflation Just do simple math you will get results
Options Trader
Options Trader May 28, 2022 8:00PM ET
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The most obvious observation. We are on the brink and people just keep blindly follow into the market. Crazy.
vincent li
vincent li May 27, 2022 11:06PM ET
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Man.. You are so bearish. You must have been hit with an iron bar shorting the market... Lol
Al Ose
Al Ose May 27, 2022 11:06PM ET
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He has been 100% correct on the macro since calling a 4800 top. He has been so close but just wrong in the timing of some of these bear rallies but has just missed the inflection points. That last little down tick he hopes for gets jumped by early birds. Maybe that needs to be factored in. Still a jillion investable dollars out there to muddle things up.
Ro B
Ro B May 27, 2022 11:06PM ET
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Al Ose  U realize the ONLY way bears make money is TIMING LOL. U cant be a bear for 12 months and only 5 months it goes down and make money
Al Ose
Al Ose May 27, 2022 4:14PM ET
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Definitely not priced in after today :)
Eric Moon
Eric Moon May 27, 2022 10:56AM ET
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God Amighty will end this fake mafia administration soon!
Brian Lin
Brian Lin May 27, 2022 10:42AM ET
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I think recession is overblown. But because of people like you, allows for a correction. U can buy high sell low, while i buy low sell high.
Jack Peterson
Jack Peterson May 27, 2022 10:36AM ET
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The excessive exuberance continues….. until it doesn’t
ABHISHEK KUMAR
ABHISHEK KUMAR May 27, 2022 10:35AM ET
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thanks for your analysis and the hard work I really appreciates it
Abou Kouamé
Abou Kouamé May 27, 2022 10:35AM ET
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good morning
 
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