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Summers Sees Signs of Scarce Workers as Harbinger of Inflation

EconomyApr 30, 2021 03:27PM ET
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© Reuters. Summers Sees Signs of Scarce Workers as Harbinger of Inflation

(Bloomberg) -- President Joe Biden’s $4 trillion plans to overhaul the role of government in American lives is aimed at the right targets but risks inflation in an economy that’s recovering fast from the pandemic, said former U.S. Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers.

“I am concerned that progressives have a tendency to overreach,” Summers said in an interview with David Westin on Bloomberg Television’s “Wall Street Week.” “You need to be progressive but you also need to get the arithmetic right, and I am worried that this program could overheat the economy.”

Summers, who’s a paid contributor to Bloomberg, said there was rising evidence of labor shortages and that “workers are quitting at rates they usually quit at during booms,” which made him concerned about inflation.

Data on Friday showed that a key measure of consumer prices -- known as the personal consumption expenditure price index that the Federal Reserve uses for its 2% inflation target -- rose 2.3% in March from a year earlier, the biggest gain since 2018. The so-called core PCE price index, which excludes volatile food and energy costs, climbed 1.8% after a 1.4% gain in February.

Fed Chair Jerome Powell has repeatedly cautioned investors to expect inflation to rise above 2% this year as the economy reopens. He did so again Wednesday when asked directly about the concerns that Summers has raised in recent weeks about overheating.

“Those pressures are likely to be temporary as they are associated with the reopening process,” he said. “An episode of one-time price increases as the economy reopens is not the same thing as, and is not likely to lead to persistently higher year-over-year inflation into the future,” he told a press conference after the Fed held interest rates near zero.

Powell also played down the risk from worker scarcity, noting that wages have yet to move up in the way you’d expect in a really tight labor market, while the experience from the last expansion was that people would rejoin the labor force, particularly as pay rises or unemployment benefits run out, as they will in September.

“If you were worried about running out of workers, it seemed like we never did,” Powell said. “My guess would be that you will see people coming back into the labor force.”

Summers said he hoped that Powell’s assessment on the temporary nature of higher prices was correct.

“He might be right. But the Fed chairmen who did the most talking about transitory factors were the Fed chairmen we had in the mid-70’s and that’s when inflation was accelerating very rapidly,” Summers said.

©2021 Bloomberg L.P.

 

Summers Sees Signs of Scarce Workers as Harbinger of Inflation
 

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Comments (5)
Kenneth Rappold
Kenneth Rappold May 01, 2021 8:58PM ET
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Unemployment at 6% is at a 6yr high and the labor force participation rate is below is recent 5 year normalized rate of 63% which would suggest that there is still slack in the labor force.
Vlad Lozovskiy
Vlad Lozovskiy Apr 30, 2021 7:45PM ET
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Upbeat economy numbers are because people are spending handouts from Biden. In reality situation is far from this.
Michael Angelo
Michael Angelo Apr 30, 2021 7:41PM ET
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Prices will go up and we'll face inflation with unemployment.
Javier Escamilla
Javier Escamilla Apr 30, 2021 4:18PM ET
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People quit when they find something better that also pays better..
milena villa escobar
milena villa escobar Apr 30, 2021 3:59PM ET
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Larry Summers put together a very complicated derivatives oriented financing package to finance a wing at Harvard University campus.  A package so complicated that only he and he alone could understand. When the whole thing blew up the Harvard endowment was out slightly less than 1 billion dollars thanks to Mr Summers and his intellect
Michael Angelo
Michael Angelo Apr 30, 2021 3:59PM ET
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And what?. Has nothing to do with this article.
 
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