Funds From Operations (FFO) serves as a pivotal metric within the realm of Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs). It gauges a REIT’s financial performance, excluding non-cash items like depreciation and amortization, to provide a clearer picture of its operational cash flow. Understanding FFO is vital for investors seeking insights into a REIT’s ability to generate income from its core real estate operations.
What is FFO?
FFO represents the net income attributable to shareholders, adding back depreciation and amortization and accounting for gains or losses on sales of properties. It excludes non-cash expenses, enabling a more accurate assessment of a REIT’s cash-generating capabilities.
To calculate FFO, begin with the net income attributable to shareholders, then add depreciation, amortization, and any gains or losses on property sales.
FFO Formula = Net Income + Depreciation + Amortization +/- Gains or Losses on Property Sales.
Importance of FFO
Investors rely on FFO to evaluate a REIT’s operational performance and its capacity to distribute dividends. It assists in comparing different REITs and assessing their ability to generate sustainable cash flows from core operations.
FFO and REIT Analysis
FFO aids in assessing a REIT’s financial health, growth potential, and dividend-paying capacity. Higher FFO often translates to higher dividend yields, attracting income-seeking investors.
How to Find a REIT Company’s FFO
For immediate access to a company’s FFO, utilize the InvestingPro platform. Explore comprehensive analyses, historical data, and compare the company’s FFO against REIT competitors.
As an example, see below the ROA analysis for Diversified Healthcare:
Q. Why is FFO important in real estate investing?
FFO helps investors analyze a REIT’s operational cash flow, separate from non-cash items, providing a clearer financial picture.
Q. How does FFO differ from net income?
Net income includes non-operational items, while FFO focuses solely on cash flow from a REIT’s core real estate operations.
Q. Can FFO be negative?
Yes, if a REIT experiences losses on property sales or depreciation surpasses income, FFO can turn negative.
Funds From Operations stands as a crucial metric for investors delving into Real Estate Investment Trusts. Its exclusion of non-cash items in evaluating operational cash flow provides a more accurate view of a REIT’s financial performance, impacting investment decisions.