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China's Xi vows 'reunification' with Taiwan, but holds off threatening force

World Oct 09, 2021 04:20PM ET
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© Reuters. Chinese President Xi Jinping speaks at a meeting commemorating the 110th anniversary of Xinhai Revolution at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China October 9, 2021. REUTERS/Carlos Garcia Rawlins

By Carlos Garcia and Yew Lun Tian

BEIJING (Reuters) -Chinese President Xi Jinping vowed on Saturday to achieve "peaceful reunification" with Taiwan, and did not directly mention the use of force after a week of tensions with the Chinese-claimed island that sparked international concern.

Taiwan responded to Xi by calling on Beijing to abandon its coercion, reiterating that only Taiwan's people could decide their future.

Democratically ruled Taiwan has come under increased military and political pressure from Beijing to accept its sovereignty, but Taipei has pledged to defend its freedom.

Speaking at Beijing's Great Hall of the People, Xi said the Chinese people have a "glorious tradition" of opposing separatism.

"Taiwan independence separatism is the biggest obstacle to achieving the reunification of the motherland, and the most serious hidden danger to national rejuvenation," he said on the anniversary of the revolution that overthrew the last imperial dynasty in 1911.

Peaceful "reunification" best meets the overall interests of the Taiwanese people, but China will protect its sovereignty and unity, he added.

"No one should underestimate the Chinese people's staunch determination, firm will, and strong ability to defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity," Xi said. "The historical task of the complete reunification of the motherland must be fulfilled, and will definitely be fulfilled."

He struck a slightly softer tone than in July, his last major speech mentioning Taiwan, in which he vowed to "smash" any attempts at formal independence. In 2019, he directly threatened to use force to bring the island under Beijing's control.

'PROVOCATIVE STEPS'

Still, the speech was poorly received in Taiwan.

The presidential office said they were a sovereign independent country, not part of the People's Republic of China, and had clearly rejected China's offer of "one country, two systems" to rule the island.

"The nation's future rests in the hands of Taiwan's people," the office said.

In a separate statement, Taiwan's China-policy making Mainland Affairs Council called on Beijing to "abandon its provocative steps of intrusion, harassment and destruction" and return to talks.

A U.S. State Department spokesperson reiterated Washington's "rock-solid" commitment to Taiwan and said the United States will "continue to support a peaceful resolution of cross-Strait issues, consistent with the wishes and best interests of the people on Taiwan."

"We urge Beijing to cease its military, diplomatic, and economic pressure against Taiwan and instead engage in meaningful dialogue with Taiwan," the spokesperson said.

China's air force mounted four straight days of incursions into Taiwan's air defence identification zone from Oct. 1, involving close to 150 aircraft, though those missions have since ended. Xi made no mention of those flights.

Taiwan officially calls itself the Republic of China, the name of the country established in 1912 after the fall of the Qing dynasty.

That government fled to Taiwan in 1949 after losing a civil war with the Communists, who set up today's People's Republic.

Taiwan marks Oct. 10, the date when the anti-imperial revolution began in China, as its national day, and President Tsai Ing-wen will give a keynote address in Taipei on Sunday.

Tsai, speaking at a pre-national day reception at an air base in northern Taiwan's Hsinchu on Saturday night, thanked the armed forces for protecting Taiwan, though did not mention the tensions with China.

"We will continue to work hard to hold fast the front lines of democracy and freedom," she said.

China commemorates the revolution by harking back to republican leader Sun Yat-sen's calls for patriotism, national rejuvenation and good governance.

Xi used the speech to underscore the need for "a strong force to lead the country, and this strong force is the Chinese Communist Party".

"Without the Chinese Communist Party, there would not be a New China, and therefore no rejuvenation of the Chinese people," he said.

Xi has tightened party control in all aspects of life and is almost certain to break protocol and stay on as Communist Party boss for a third term late next year, when a congress will elect a new leadership for the following five years.

China's Xi vows 'reunification' with Taiwan, but holds off threatening force
 

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Comments (12)
jason xx
jason xx Oct 10, 2021 5:59AM ET
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Taiwan is the new Poland. This sissy generation is in for a rude awakening if there is another draft.
jason xx
jason xx Oct 10, 2021 5:56AM ET
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The US and Alliance will go to war to defend Taiwan I'm pretty sure the Chinese understand that.
Pól Hansen
Pól Hansen Oct 10, 2021 5:24AM ET
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2nd largest economy in the world is looking more like nr.20
Connecticut Yankee
A_Jaundiced_Eye Oct 10, 2021 1:34AM ET
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If CCP wants peaceful reunification with Taiwan, Step #1 is to live up to their promises to Hong Kong: two systems until 2050.
John Doe
ForexInsiders Oct 09, 2021 10:04PM ET
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Is this the same terminology as Biden's "relentless democracy" statement?
John Laurens
John Laurens Oct 09, 2021 8:00PM ET
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Taiwan’s got nukes and WILL use ‘em.. China better learn to respect their sovereign neighbors. Imagine how popular ccp will be if they go and get millions of their subjects offed by being stupid. Literally every other Asian nation hates their guts.. gotta be pretty special to achieve that.
Mark Myers
Mark Myers Oct 09, 2021 8:00PM ET
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Taiwan does not have nukes or bio weapons
Matt Brackley
Matt Brackley Oct 09, 2021 7:17PM ET
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Xi vs Biden in a public speaking competition lol
Mart Bab
Rubberduck1973 Oct 09, 2021 6:15PM ET
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Soooo sick of people forcing their will onto others. Harassing Taiwan will change my respect for china into hate of china. Don’t think it will stop them. But it is what it is then.
Oct 09, 2021 2:17PM ET
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power will ultimately decide, like most things in life. the relative rise of China makes reunification more likely.
Nuno Cova
Nuno Cova Oct 09, 2021 10:26AM ET
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Socialism and Communism are like a cancer that slowly kills.
 
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