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Biden drops Trump attempt to ban TikTok, WeChat; orders new review

Stock MarketsJun 10, 2021 04:10AM ET
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© Reuters. A picture of U.S. President Donald Trump is seen on a smartphone in front of displayed Tik Tok and WeChat logos in this illustration taken September 18, 2020. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration

By David Shepardson and Karen Freifeld

WASHINGTON (Reuters) -President Joe Biden on Wednesday withdrew a series of Trump-era executive orders that sought to ban new downloads of WeChat and TikTok, and ordered a Commerce Department review of security concerns posed by those apps and others.

The administration of former President Donald Trump had attempted to block new users from downloading the apps and ban other technical transactions that Chinese-owned short video-sharing app TikTok and WeChat both said would effectively block the apps' use in the United States.

The courts blocked those orders, which never took effect.

A separate U.S. national security review of TikTok launched in late 2019 remains active and ongoing, a White House official said, declining to offer any details. The White House remains very concerned about the data risks of TikTok users, another administration official told reporters.

The Biden order directs the Commerce Department to monitor software applications like TikTok that could affect U.S. national security, as well as to make recommendations within 120 days to protect U.S. data acquired or accessible by companies controlled by foreign adversaries.

TikTok declined to comment. WeChat did not immediately comment.

"This is a positive step in the right direction," said Gao Feng, spokesperson at the Chinese commerce ministry, at a regular press conference on Thursday. Gao added that China had noticed that the United States requires a new security review of the apps, and hopes that "the U.S. will treat Chinese companies fairly and avoid politicizing economic and trade issues."

WeChat, which has been downloaded at least 19 million times by U.S. users, is widely used as a medium for services, games and payments.

Michael Bien, the lead lawyer for the WeChat Users Alliance, which had sued to block the Trump order, praised the Biden administration for revoking the "wrong-headed ban on WeChat that ... would have led to the unprecedented shutdown of a major platform for communications relied on by millions of people in the United States."

Biden's new executive order revokes the WeChat and TikTok orders Trump issued in August, along with another in January that targeted eight other communications and financial technology software applications.

The January Trump order directed officials to ban transactions with eight Chinese apps including Ant Group's Alipay and Tencent Holdings (OTC:TCEHY) Ltd's QQ Wallet and WeChat pay; no bans have been issued to date.

The Trump administration contended that WeChat and TikTok posed national security concerns because sensitive personal data of U.S. users could be collected by China’s government.

Both TikTok, which has over 100 million users in the United States, and WeChat have denied posing national security concerns.

In February, Reuters reported corporate sponsors raced back to TikTok after some had paused or delayed efforts following Trump's August announcement. General Motors (NYSE:GM)' flagship Chevrolet brand began advertising on TikTok in February through its own channel.

The Trump administration had appealed judicial orders blocking the bans on TikTok and WeChat, but after Biden took office in January, the U.S. Justice Department asked to pause the appeals.

A spokesman for the U.S. Department of Justice declined to comment. Status reports are due in the appeals cases on Friday.

Biden's order says collecting of data from Americans "threatens to provide foreign adversaries with access to that information."

The order directs the Commerce Department to "evaluate on a continuing basis" any transactions that "pose an undue risk of catastrophic effects on the security or resiliency of the critical infrastructure or digital economy of the United States."

Biden's executive order requires within 60 days that U.S. intelligence and Homeland Security agencies provide vulnerability and threat assessments on U.S. data controlled by foreign adversaries to the Commerce Department as it conducts its review.

Republican Senator Josh Hawley said on Twitter the withdrawal of the Trump orders are "a major mistake - shows alarming complacency regarding #China’s access to Americans’ personal information, as well as #China’s growing corporate influence."

Last week, Biden signed an executive order that bans U.S. investment in certain Chinese companies in the defense and surveillance technology sectors. The order replaced a similar Trump-era order that did not withstand legal scrutiny.

Biden drops Trump attempt to ban TikTok, WeChat; orders new review
 

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Comments (6)
Karl Kessler
Karl Kessler Jun 09, 2021 12:30PM ET
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I think TikTok is dangerous. It's about as electric of a social media platform as exists right now, and isn't very far from straight up mind control to the vulnerable. I'm not happy about this decision by the Biden administration.
Millennial Dip Buyer
Millennial Dip Buyer Jun 09, 2021 12:30PM ET
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(North) Americans are raised to be impressionable consumers from the time they enter public school.  Probably a very conscious decision.
Roger Miller
Roger Miller Jun 09, 2021 12:03PM ET
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Some governments do not need to obtain court orders to demand data from companies, which can also be used to prosecute individuals among other things. Democratic governments may illicitly obtain data but have a hard time using it in court.
Andrey Kaushnyan
Andrey Kaushnyan Jun 09, 2021 11:16AM ET
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Biden - chinese agent
Mase Gumbo
Mase Gumbo Jun 09, 2021 11:16AM ET
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US was caught stealing data of cits from europe and the world...maybe we should stop using their stuff? pretend you have a brain....trump used security grounds on anything for unfair competition and US hegemony
Roger Miller
Roger Miller Jun 09, 2021 11:16AM ET
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Mase Gumbo All governments illicitly obtain data, but democratic countries such as the US can’t use it to prosecute.
Felipe Daniel
Felipe Daniel Jun 09, 2021 11:09AM ET
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Biden selling America out
Mase Gumbo
Mase Gumbo Jun 09, 2021 11:09AM ET
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loool...how much do they pay you again comrade
Roger Miller
Roger Miller Jun 09, 2021 11:09AM ET
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Mase Gumbo He’s been bowing to everyone. Ask yourself why they’ve toned down the rhetoric against Russia and Putin. He has obtained nothing from anyone for his concessions; this includes the EU, Russia, South America, China, and Iran.
tom joe
tom joe Jun 09, 2021 11:04AM ET
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Shouldn't the title read Biden and not USA?
Vlad Lozovskiy
Vlad Lozovskiy Jun 09, 2021 10:55AM ET
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Russia and China thanking president Biden!!!
 
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