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Factbox: Lifetime carbon emissions of electric vehicles vs gasoline cars

Stock MarketsJun 29, 2021 12:05AM ET
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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A 2018 Tesla Model 3 electric vehicle is shown in this photo illustration taken in Cardiff, California, U.S., June 1, 2018. REUTERS/Mike Blake/File Photo

(Reuters) - Reuters analyzed data generated by an Argonne National Laboratory (NYSE:LH) model to determine at what point a typical electric vehicle (EV) becomes cleaner than an equivalent gasoline car in terms of its lifetime carbon footprint.

Based on a series of assumptions, the data showed that a Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA) Model 3 in the United States, for example, would need to be driven for 13,500 miles (21,725 km) before it does less harm to the environment than a Toyota Corolla.

Following are the assumptions Reuters plugged into the Argonne model to produce different break-even scenarios, depending on how the power used to charge an EV is generated.

MID-SIZE SALOON

Tesla Model 3 (EV) vs Toyota Corolla (gasoline)

Lifetime vehicle miles traveled: 173,151

Fuel economy (gasoline): 33 miles per gallon (U.S.)

Curb weight: Model 3 - 3,582 lbs (1,625 kg), Corolla - 2,955 lbs

EV battery range: 300 miles

EV battery type: Lithium-ion

EV battery size: 54 kilowatt-hours (kWh)

EV battery cathode material: nickel-cobalt-aluminium (NCA)

Power scenario 1: 100% hydroelectric

Break-even point: 8,400 miles

Power scenario 2: U.S. average energy mix (23% coal-fired, plus other fossil fuels and renewables)

Break-even point: 13,500 miles

Power scenario 3: 100% coal-fired

Break-even point: 78,700 miles

MID-SIZE SPORT UTILITY VEHICLE (SUV)

Tesla Model Y (EV) vs Honda CR-V (gasoline)

Lifetime vehicle miles traveled: 183,363

Fuel economy (gasoline): 30 miles per gallon (U.S.)

Curb weight: Model Y - 4,416 lbs, CR-V - 3,337 lbs

EV battery range: 300 miles

EV battery type: Lithium-ion

EV battery size: 60 kWh

EV battery cathode material: nickel-cobalt-aluminium (NCA)

Power scenario 1: 100% hydroelectric

Break-even point: 9,200 miles

Power scenario 2: U.S. average energy mix (23% coal-fired, plus other fossil fuels and renewables)

Break-even point: 14,800 miles

Power scenario 3: 100% coal-fired

Break-even point: 89,000 miles

Factbox: Lifetime carbon emissions of electric vehicles vs gasoline cars
 

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Nagy Róbert
Nagy Róbert Jun 29, 2021 1:10AM ET
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Year 2031:"So the ev is better then the fossils car!"✌️
 
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