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Cryptocurrency exchanges scramble to drop Chinese users after Beijing's ban

Stock MarketsSep 27, 2021 10:06AM ET
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2/2 © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Small toy figurines are seen on representations of the Bitcoin virtual currency displayed in front of an image of China's flag in this illustration picture, April 9, 2019. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File Photo 2/2

By Samuel Shen and Andrew Galbraith

SHANGHAI (Reuters) - Beijing's new blanket ban on all cryptocurrency trading and mining - the broadest yet by a major economy - has sent crypto exchanges and service providers scrambling to sever business ties with mainland Chinese clients.

Shares in a range of Chinese crypto-related firms plunged on the ban which closes off loopholes left in previous regulatory crackdowns on the sector. Industry executives noted, however, that many companies had already shifted key portions of their business outside China.

Ten powerful Chinese government bodies said in a joint statement on Friday that overseas exchanges were barred from providing services to mainland investors via the internet - a previously grey area - and vowed to jointly root out "illegal" cryptocurrency activities.

In response, Huobi Global and Binance, two of the largest exchanges globally and popular with Chinese users, stopped new registrations of accounts by mainland customers. Huobi also said it would clean up existing ones by the end of the year.

"On the very day we saw the notice, we started to take corrective measures," Du Jun, Huobi Group co-founder said in a statement to Reuters.

Du did not give an estimate of how many of its users would be affected, saying only that Huobi had embarked on a global expansion strategy many years ago and seen steady growth in Southeast Asia and Europe.

TokenPocket, a popular service provider of crypto wallets, also said in a notice to clients that it would terminate services to mainland Chinese clients that risk violating Chinese policies and would "actively embrace" regulation.

Some of the world's biggest crypto exchanges originated in China but Chinese authorities have come to see cryptocurrencies as speculative instruments lacking in intrinsic value, prone to acute price moves and a means to circumvent capital controls. Chinese authorities have instead thrown their weight behind the development of an official digital currency.

The ban, which comes amid a swath of regulatory actions that have hit a range of sectors from gaming to tech to for profit-tutoring, makes it very hard for Chinese mainland investors to buy or sell the assets unless they leave the country. It does not, however, go so far as to declare ownership of cryptocurrencies as illegal.

In contrast, while elsewhere in the world cryptocurrency firms are facing increased oversight, outright bans are rare.

"I don't believe China's approach will set a standard for how other countries approach regulating this space," said John Wu, president of Ava Labs, a blockchain company.

Shares that took a beating include Huobi Global affiliate Huobi Tech, which plunged 22% and OKG Technology Holdings Ltd, a fintech company majority-owned by Xu Mingxing, the founder of cryptoexchange OKcoin, which lost 19%.

On Friday, Nasdaq-listed Chinese cryptomining machine makers Canaan Inc and Ebang International tumbled 21% and 7% respectively.

Many Chinese crypto exchanges shut down or moved offshore in 2017, after China, once the world's biggest bitcoin trading and mining centre, banned such platforms from converting legal tender into cryptocurrencies and vice versa. Then in May this year, China's State Council vowed to ban bitcoin trading and mining.

Amid the crackdown, other types of Chinese crypto companies have been moving out of China over the past few months, said Flex (NASDAQ:FLEX) Yang, founder and CEO of Babel Finance, adding that the impact from the latest policy would be "limited".

The Chinese crypto financial services provider this month opened new business headquarters in Singapore. Cobo, a crypto asset management and custodian platform, also recently moved its headquarters from Beijing to Singapore.

Earlier crackdowns appeared to have led to capital outflows for many Chinese exchanges. Some $28.3 billion worth of capital flowed out from crypto exchanges of Chinese origin such as OKEx, Huobi and Binance to foreign exchanges in the first half of 2021, a jump of 62% compared to outflows for all of 2020, according to consultancy PeckShield.

Cryptocurrency exchanges scramble to drop Chinese users after Beijing's ban
 

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Comments (7)
Prakash J Chaudhari
Prakash J Chaudhari Sep 28, 2021 9:34AM ET
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Crypto will be main stream in next 6 mths . Maturing to say the least . USA , Canada miners will have easy to mine 3 cryptos instead of one . Temporary sale from China will give pressure. Oct results of moners will be through the roof!
hans gaaikema
hans gaaikema Sep 27, 2021 4:50AM ET
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if you think that the US or EU will not do the same, think again. would they really give up their lifeline of money printing monopoly?
jason xx
jason xx Sep 27, 2021 4:50AM ET
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It's not that simple Americans have rights. A Crypto ban because "we don't like it" wouldn't survive the Supreme Court.
jason xx
jason xx Sep 27, 2021 4:50AM ET
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Not to mention they are already spending the Crypto tax money
PlanetApe Ape
PlanetApe Ape Sep 27, 2021 2:40AM ET
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The crypto and blockchain show will go on irrespective of China! Time to buy the dips.
Jokers R Us
Jokers R Us Sep 27, 2021 2:27AM ET
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First evergrande now this...is china trying to crash the markets?
jason xx
jason xx Sep 27, 2021 2:27AM ET
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Evergrande wasn't first ever hear of Didi and 10 other things?
Ac Tektrader
Ac Tektrader Sep 27, 2021 2:12AM ET
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the Chinese with all their social and economic problems aren't stupid. the can still see what bitcoin is ...a threat to control of their national currency and bond markets... it won't be long before other governments see the same threat and outlaw bitcoin; crashing digital currencies and the people that invest in them.
jason xx
jason xx Sep 27, 2021 2:12AM ET
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The only thing the Government fears from Crypto Markets is not getting thier 26%.
Johnny Crash
Johnny Crash Sep 27, 2021 12:40AM ET
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Nice! Anyone holding digital fantasy nickels should be prepared to lose money
jason xx
jason xx Sep 27, 2021 12:40AM ET
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I'm up 10,000% so far so maybe I will sell when my fantasy nickels are only up 6,000%? What do you think?
perplexed76 .
perplexed76 . Sep 27, 2021 12:34AM ET
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it seems play money gamblers didn't worry to long
 
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