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Powell places faster bond-buying taper on Fed's Christmas table

EconomyNov 30, 2021 04:04PM ET
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2/2 © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell testifies before a Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington, U.S., July 15, 2021. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque/File Photo 2/2

By Lindsay (NYSE:LNN) Dunsmuir and Ann Saphir

(Reuters) -U.S. central bankers in December will discuss whether to end their bond purchases a few months earlier than had been anticipated, Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell said on Tuesday, pointing to a strong economy, stalled workforce growth, and high inflation that is expected to last into mid-2022.

Powell twinned his remarks, whose hawkish tone took some analysts by surprise, with an observation that the economic risk from an emergent variant of COVID-19 will be better understood by the Fed's Dec. 14-15 policy meeting but will in any case be far less than in the spring of 2020 when the pandemic erupted.

"Since the last meeting, we've seen basically elevated inflation pressures, we've seen very strong labor market data without any improvement in labor supply, we’ve seen strong spending data too," the Fed chief told members of the Senate Banking Committee.

High inflation, now running at more than twice the Fed's flexible target of 2% annually but which the central bank has for months characterized as "transitory," is only expected to ease in the second half of 2022, Powell said.

Given how long it has lasted, Powell said: "I think it's probably a good time to retire that word."

Earlier this month, the Fed began reducing its purchases of Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities from $120 billion per month at a pace that would put it on track to complete the wind-down by mid-2022. The program was introduced in early 2020 to help nurse the economy through the COVID-19 pandemic.

In his testimony, Powell said "we are actually at our next meeting in a couple of weeks going to have a discussion about accelerating that taper by a few months."

His comments follow those of a number of Fed officials who in recent weeks have advocated for, or at least signaled an openness to, ending asset purchases sometime in the spring to allow for an earlier start of interest rate increases should they be needed to rein in inflation.

In recent days, the emergence of the Omicron variant has unnerved global financial markets, amid fears that it could spread faster, pierce vaccination protections, and be more severe than the current dominant Delta strain.

Powell's remarks helped drive U.S. stocks lower, with the S&P 500 index shedding 1.3%, and cooled a rally in U.S. Treasuries.

Interest-rate futures traders returned to pricing in a June start to Fed interest rate hikes and at least one more increase in borrowing costs before the end of 2022

"It now looks like it will take a deterioration in the public health situation over the next two weeks to prevent the FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) from deciding to quicken the pace of tapering at the next meeting," Michael Feroli, an economist at JP Morgan, wrote in a note.

OMICRON RISKS

Health officials are racing to determine how transmissible and deadly the new Omicron variant is and to what extent current vaccines remain protective. The United States has imposed a travel ban on some southern African nations where the strain is prevalent.

The Delta variant dented the U.S. economy over the summer, slowing employment gains amid workers' fears of contracting the virus and exacerbating supply chain snags that have driven up inflation.

"It's really about transmissibility, it's about the ability of the vaccines to address any new variant, it's about the severity of the disease once it's contracted ... I am told by experts we'll know quite a bit about those answers within about a month," Powell said in his testimony. "We'll know something, though, within a week to 10 days."

"Then and only then can we make an assessment of what the impact would be on the economy ... For now, it's a risk to the baseline, it’s not really baked into our forecast."

Nonetheless, Powell acknowledged that Omicron is elevating the uncertainty around the outlook for the economy - and potentially adding to inflation risks - though he said he does not think its effects will be "remotely comparable" to March 2020 when the pandemic cast the economy into a short but historically deep recession.

Powell is scheduled to testify on Wednesday before the U.S. House of Representatives Financial Services Committee.

Powell places faster bond-buying taper on Fed's Christmas table
 

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Comments (13)
leehiung chong
leehiung chong Nov 30, 2021 8:24PM ET
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faster tapering does NOT mean earlier rate hike.... market overreacting
VALENTINO ARMANI
VALENTINO ARMANI Nov 30, 2021 3:09PM ET
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Market rigged & faked by government with their dirty printer & lies. This fraud will crash by up to 80%
Jt Overstreet
Jt Overstreet Nov 30, 2021 2:51PM ET
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man is the Fed screwed
Jay Willams
Jay Willams Nov 30, 2021 2:01PM ET
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so is he doing a faster taper still? or is he slowing up because of the new variant?
jj mm
jj mm Nov 30, 2021 1:35PM ET
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wasn't inflation transitory? what has happened within a couple of days?
Kevin Hull
Kevin Hull Nov 30, 2021 1:23PM ET
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Bad news all day. good news to come after hours so the normal people can't trade it
Ricky Singh
Ricky Singh Nov 30, 2021 1:04PM ET
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Corrupts back in the game !
Manjul sharma
Manjul sharma Nov 30, 2021 12:29PM ET
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Be happy Not a dangerous virus
Sunjay Panse
Sunjay Panse Nov 30, 2021 11:14AM ET
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What kind of variant is this which is beneficial specifically to politicians, pharma companies, hospitals and insurance companies....
Doug Harwood
Doug Harwood Nov 30, 2021 11:14AM ET
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And those who are short equities.
John Thompson
John Thompson Nov 30, 2021 11:05AM ET
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Why is pow wow and granny ye soo worried i thought they only care about the economy u going to print another 30% of gdp to buy TBills and Morgaged back securiries and say the economy is in v- recovery while its more like in a p-shaped recovery
Franco Dominguez
Franco Dominguez Nov 30, 2021 7:45AM ET
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power-ranger variant is ***us so bad, south africa doctor said "extremly mild syptoms"
Craig Garrett
Craig Garrett Nov 30, 2021 6:46AM ET
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I'm sure that Powell will assure Congress that he will print all of the money in the world to make sure their stocks don't go down.
Jp Perth
Jp Perth Nov 30, 2021 4:42AM ET
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10% down in next 10 days
 
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