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U.S. Inflation Rises 2.8% in May

Economic IndicatorsJun 12, 2018 08:32AM ET
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© Reuters. U.S. inflation rises 2.8% vs. 2.7% forecast - U.S. inflation accelerated more than expected in May, underlining the case for a faster pace of monetary tightening by the Federal Reserve.

Consumer price inflation rose by an annualized 2.8% in May the Labor Department said, up from 2.5% in the previous month. The consensus forecast was for a reading of 2.7%.

Month-on-month, CPI rose 0.2% in May, matching the previous month’s increase and in line with the consensus forecast.

Core CPI, a key gauge of underlying consumer price pressures that excludes food and energy costs, increased by 0.2% from a month earlier, above the consensus forecast for growth of 0.1%.

In the 12 months through June, core CPI rose 2.2%, compared to 2.1% a month earlier. Economists were looking for a gain of 2.2%.

Core prices are viewed by the Federal Reserve as a better gauge of longer-term inflationary pressure precisely because they exclude the volatile food and energy categories. The central bank usually tries to aim for 2% core inflation or less.

Inflation remains a central concern for markets as increasing price pressures would be a catalyst to push the Fed toward raising interest rates at a faster pace than currently forecast.

Markets widely expect the Fed to raise interest rates by 25 basis points to 1.75%-2.00% when it announces its decision on Wednesday.

The U.S. central bank will also release new forecasts for economic growth and interest rates. The question is whether its rate hike projections - three moves both this year and next - move up and whether it expects to hit the so-called neutral interest rate quicker than earlier thought.

According to’s Fed Rate Monitor Tool, the odds of an additional hike in December, for a total of four in 2018, have recently been hovering just above 40%.

U.S. Inflation Rises 2.8% in May

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