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U.S. business inventories fall in March

Published May 16, 2023 10:33AM ET
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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: People walk on a street in New York, U.S., November 14, 2022. REUTERS/Eduardo Munoz/

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. business inventories unexpectedly fell in March, pulled down by a decline in stocks at manufacturers.

Business inventories dipped 0.1% after being unchanged in February, the Commerce Department said on Tuesday. Economists polled by Reuters had expected inventories, a key component of gross domestic product, would be unchanged.

Inventories increased 6.5% on a year-on-year basis in March.

Private inventory investment declined in the first quarter for the first time in 1-1/2 years, restricting GDP growth to a 1.1% annualized pace in that three-month period. The inventory drawdown reflected a reduction of stock by businesses in anticipation of weaker demand later this year.

Stronger consumer spending early in the first quarter also contributed to the inventory rundown. Leaner inventories are potentially good news in the calculation of GDP for the second quarter. There had been fears that a correction of the inventory bloat would result in a sharper economic downturn.

But the first-quarter decline led some economists to believe that much of the inventory liquidation was probably over.

Retail inventories increased 0.7% in March as estimated in an advance report published last month. They gained 0.2% in February. Motor vehicle inventories shot up 1.6% instead of 1.5% as estimated last month. They increased 1.4% in February.

Retail inventories excluding autos, which go into the calculation of GDP, rose 0.3% instead of 0.4% as estimated last month. Wholesale inventories were unchanged, while stocks at manufacturers dropped 0.8%.

Business sales decreased 1.1% after falling 0.3% in February. At March's sales pace, it would take 1.39 months for businesses to clear shelves, up from 1.38 months in February.

U.S. business inventories fall in March

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