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Exxon, Chevron post blowout earnings, oil majors bet on buybacks

Commodities Jul 29, 2022 08:10PM ET
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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A combination of file photos shows the logos of five of the largest publicly traded oil companies; BP, Chevron, Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell, and Total. REUTERS/File Photo
 
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By Sabrina Valle

(Reuters) - The two largest U.S. oil companies, Exxon Mobil Corp (NYSE:XOM) and Chevron Corp (NYSE:CVX), posted record revenue on Friday, bolstered by surging crude oil and natural gas prices and following similar results for European majors a day earlier.

The U.S. pair, along with UK-based Shell (LON:RDSa) and France's TotalEnergies, combined to earn nearly $51 billion in the most recent quarter, almost double what the group brought in for the year-ago period.

Exxon outpaced its rivals with a $17.9 billion quarterly profit, the most for any international oil major in history.

Chevron, Shell and Total ran to catch up with Exxon's aggressive buyback program, which was kept unaltered.

The four returned a total of $23 billion to shareholders in the quarter, capitalizing on high margins derived from selling oil and gas. The fifth major, BP (NYSE:BP) Plc, reports next week.

The companies posted strong results in their production units, helped by the surge in benchmark Brent crude oil futures, which averaged around $114 a barrel in the quarter.

High crude oil prices can cut into margins for integrated oil majors, as they also bear the cost of crude used for refined products. However, following Russia's invasion of Ukraine and numerous shutdowns of refineries worldwide in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, refining margins exploded in the second quarter, outpacing the gains in crude and adding to earnings.

"The strong second-quarter results reflect a tight global market environment, where demand has recovered to near pre-pandemic levels and supply has attritted," said Exxon Chief Executive Darren Woods, in a call with analysts. "Growing supply will not happen overnight."

The results from the majors are sure to draw fire from politicians and consumer advocates who say the oil companies are capitalizing on a global supply shortage to fatten profits and gouge consumers. U.S. President Joe Biden last month said Exxon and others were making "more money than God" at a time when consumer fuel prices surged to records.

Earlier this month, Britain passed a 25% windfall tax on oil and gas producers in the North Sea. U.S. lawmakers have discussed a similar idea, though it faces long odds in Congress.

Graphic: Cash machines, https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/ce/movanaeydpa/Pasted%20image%201659096136930.png

A windfall tax does not provide "incentive for increased production, which is really what the world needs today," said Exxon Chief Financial Officer Kathryn Mikells, in an interview with Reuters.

The companies say they are merely meeting consumer demand, and that prices are a function of global supply issues and lack of investment. The majors have been disciplined with their capital and are resisting ramping up capital expenditure due to pressure from investors who want better returns and resilience during a down cycle.

"In the short term (cash from oil) goes to the balance sheet. There's no nowhere else for it to go," Chevron CFO Pierre Breber told Reuters.

Worldwide oil output has been held back by a slow return of barrels to the market from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies, including Russia, as well as labor and equipment shortages hampering a swifter increase in supply in places like the United States.

Exxon earlier this year more than doubled its projected buyback program to $30 billion through 2022 and 2023. Shell said it would buy back $6 billion in shares in the current quarter, while Chevron boosted its annual buyback plans to a range of $10 billion to $15 billion, up from $5 billion to $10 billion.

Exxon shares rose 4.6% to $96.93. Chevron shares rose almost 9%, closing at $163.78.

Graphic: Exxon posts record results, leading all oil majors Exxon posts record results, leading all oil majors, https://graphics.reuters.com/EXXONMOBIL-RESULTS/zgvomxgdwvd/chart.png

Exxon, Chevron post blowout earnings, oil majors bet on buybacks
 

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Comments (5)
Rob Williams
Rob Williams Jul 31, 2022 5:03PM ET
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Bring energy prices back to fair value and the inflation problem disappear
Rob Williams
Rob Williams Jul 31, 2022 5:02PM ET
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These excessive profits are sickening with what consumers are paying. This goes to show all the fluff in the price.
Martin Babei
Martin Babei Jul 30, 2022 3:29PM ET
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Why are we having this high and inflation you ask?
Robert smith
Robert smith Jul 30, 2022 3:29PM ET
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No we don't need to ask. This worldwide inflation started where every single other worldwide inflation/recession has started in my lifetime. With big oil jacking up prices through the roof. Every single thing on this planet goes up with oil, if oil isn't actually in a product , then its needed to transport and store it. Once the ball gets rolling and other businesses see big oil getting flithy rich on supply lies, Then THEY follow suit. I will never forget the 1974 recession caused supposedly by the Arab oil embargo. I lived in Houston at the time and while the national papers were showing lines of panicked buyers at the gas station local papers where showing HUNDREDS of full oil tankers just sitting off the coast refusing to unload.  So buy oil stocks, join the greed fest while it lasts, and don't forget that its all a bubble. When the CEO's have sold all their stock, oil will crash right back to $20. there is no shortage, Russia still gets all its oil into the world market.
EL LA
EL LA Jul 29, 2022 11:26AM ET
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Oh, stop this idiocy. Oil is currently priced at where it was 10 years ago.  Meanwhile, the Dow has doubled, the S$P has quadrupled, and the Nasdaq is up 10 times! You know what the real problem is? The government's fear of a lowly worker's wage increase, so they can afford the cost of living. Instead of griping about the cost of living, government should review the CEO-to-Worker pay ratio and allow market forces to correct that imbalance. Hiking rates on debt only hurts the worker more. What do they fear? A return of the middle class?
Peter Lorenzetti
Peter Lorenzetti Jul 29, 2022 10:33AM ET
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OF COURSE AT 10 Dollars A GALLON
 
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