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Oil at 6-1/2 Month Low on Weak China Demand, Saudi-Iran Supply

Commodities Aug 15, 2022 02:59PM ET
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By Barani Krishnan

Investing.com - Call it the triple whammy for oil bulls.

Crude prices hit six-month lows Monday after top importer China released dismal July data while the country's central bank cut lending rates to revive demand in an economy clearly slowing from Beijing's continued Covid clampdowns that had impacted factory and retail activity and was squeezing the property market.

ING Bank cut its forecast for China's 2022 GDP growth to 4%, down from a previous projection of 4.4%, and said a further downgrade was possible.

That was after China's refinery output slipped to 12.53 million barrels daily, its lowest since March 2020, government data showed.

That was on the demand side. On the supply end, two other culprits stood. One of them was Saudi Aramco (TADAWUL:2222), the company that's supposed to hold up high prices for producers.

The other was Iran. The Islamic Republic is to respond by midnight on Monday to the European Union's "final" draft text to save a 2015 nuclear deal, its foreign minister said. Tehran also called on the United States to show flexibility to resolve three remaining issues that stood in the way of a deal.

Oil supply could rise if Iran and the United States return to their arrangement from seven years ago to legitimately allow Tehran to export oil on the condition that it was not making an atomic bomb.

But Aramco was the real surprise. The head of the world's top oil exporter said it was ready to ramp up output despite signs of a slowing global economy.

"We are confident of our ability to ramp up to 12 million bpd any time there is a need or a call from the government or from the ministry of energy to increase our production, " Aramco’s CEO Amin Nasser said.

Analysts tried to make sense of Aramco’s pivot on production which came just after the Saudi-led OPEC, or Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, suggested a weakening in oil demand by the end of the year.

OPEC pumped 26.72 million barrels per day in July, up 610,00 from June's revised estimate, a Reuters survey found. OPEC output has risen every month since June 2020 apart from in February.

That’s why few were surprised when the group, in its monthly report on Friday, revised down by 260,000 barrels its daily oil demand expectations for 2022. OPEC has typically used lower demand as an excuse to cut production and boost prices.

The downgraded OPEC forecast came on the same day that t​he International Energy Agency said soaring international prices for natural gas could prompt more energy consumers to switch to oil for year-end heating purposes.

Thus Aramco’s seemingly altered stance on Saudi production was surprising as the state-owned company rarely makes such a comment without clearance from Energy Minister Abdulaziz bin Salman or his half-brother, the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

John Kilduff, founding partner at New York energy hedge fund Again Capital, said: “The Chinese economy is pointing lower, U.S. crude production is rising and leading economies all have problem patches that look set to worsen. And Aramco’s hinting at higher production?”

In the United States, the peak summer driving season is winding down and fuel demand is expected to drop further in the next two weeks after parents cart their children back to school and college for the new academic year beginning in September.

West Texas Intermediate, the benchmark for U.S. crude, settled down $2.68, or 2.9%, at $89.41. It plunged more than $5 earlier to $86.86, its lowest since January.

Brent, the London-traded global benchmark for crude, settled down $3.05, or 3.1%, at $95.10. It earlier hit a session low of $92.80.

Oil at 6-1/2 Month Low on Weak China Demand, Saudi-Iran Supply
 

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Comments (2)
Shah Shawon
NinjaShah Aug 15, 2022 4:24PM ET
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if Iran's deal happens, saudi will automatically ramp up their production to make the oil price lower and show their faithful d oggy face to Biden.. if Iran's deal fails, saudi will not ramp up .. nothing new..
Sam Johar
Sam Johar Aug 15, 2022 4:24PM ET
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if Iran Deal Happens and US purposely Says That the Deal has Failed to see the Real Face of Saudi and Then Suddenly Iran Surprises them , it will be a Treat to Watch , i wish it Happens
Bhawin Parmar
Bhawin Parmar Aug 15, 2022 3:25PM ET
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sell crude oil
 
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