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Ibovespa: A Nightmare For Investors In Brazil And Abroad

By Jason VieiraStock MarketsDec 26, 2013 08:43AM ET
Ibovespa: A Nightmare For Investors In Brazil And Abroad
By Jason Vieira   |  Dec 26, 2013 08:43AM ET
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Bovespa is a nightmare for investors in Brazil and abroad.

Among all the causes, and it’s a long list, a few stands out:

  • Regulatory Risk: I already mentioned this in my webpage rather oftenly and a several investors whom I have contact with confirm this assumption. According to them, there is too much interference in sectors that are directly connected to the companies listed at Ibov. No news here either. Change in contracts for electricity companies, interference in the fuel price and in Petrobras (now grade CCC+ on the Buenos Aires branch) are only part of the greater amount, as well as changes in taxation for foreign investment in fixed income and short positions on the dollar futures market. Locals feel the same about it.

  • It’s The economy, stupid!: Despite the performance of labor market with low unemployment, GDP has disappointed on every release (no surprise to me, as I mentioned in this article (currently in Portuguese only), where I went wrong about the Taper). There are no IPI (Industrialized Goods Tax) relief enough to boost the economy to a state of  "bubble" and furthermore, high inflation in the middle of this year, coupled with several protests around the country sank the confidence in the economy. There’s not enough World Cups to save us now.

  • Poor Performance: Well, this argument is retro-fed. The poor performance of Ibov reduces the demand for it so long positions are no longer a reality. Despite the record volume growth this year, it all revolved around the 120,000 traditionally active players. I.e., we use 20 percent of the total "population" of investors and we are just over 10 percent of the target set by the BM&FBovespa of 5,000,000 total investors. And since we rarely see on today's TV News that stocks are considered good investment, no one senses the return of that “floating portion” of the investors.

  • OGX: Obviously, the whole blame does not entirely lie with Dr. Xavier and his X-Companies, but Brazilian Stock Market does seem riskier because of them. Professional investors were already kind of vaccinated against the EBX virus, but the timing of non-professional investors and an insane expectation of recovery led to the large series of losses.

  • Butters: The government communications through its great finance minister (whose name in Portuguese seems a lot like butter) and the lack of a concrete direction for the actions of economic stimulus also largely affected the notion of risk, which repealed investors from Bovespa. An economist President is not helping either, along with a non-independent Central Bank.

  • USA: Many Brazilians love to blame all on the “gringos”. American this, American that, some of us will say! Financial Market was no different. Many argued that the lack of definition during the year about the Taper increased volatility and reduced appetite for higher risk premium. "NOOOT" as my son and Borat would say. The U.S. stocks are among the best performances of the year. Previously, the scenario was "Good Data, Bad for Stocks" and finally with the Taper, now we are back to the regularly scheduled program  of "Good Data, Good for Stocks" . So, it's not the US fault, brazoocas! (We call ourselves this way, sometimes).

  • Commodities: Yes, we sell them. Yes, demand is lower. Yes, our results were bad. Yes, many of the commodities companies are public ones. Yes , corn, wheat, sugar, soybean, ethanol prices went down this year. Yes, yes, YES! Maybe not.

  • Interest Rates: We produce the Global Real Interest Rates Ranking and Brazil is strongly back to the first place as the best interest payer. Migration to fixed income? No, we keep putting our money on saving accounts, which are so Brazilian as Carnaval and Feijoada that we no longer consider this as a fixed income investment per se. Wrong bets on the path of interest rates in Brazil and in the U.S. took several investment funds by "surprise" in the middle of the year and fixed income was another “ugly duckling” along with stocks.  

Finally, we show below the annual performance in local currency of stock exchanges around the world and we are, up to the date indicated below, the worst performers. No surprise again, it was a bad year for the country, but there is a wonder why we fail to “surf the wave of developed countries“ considering signs of economic recovery.

We would put aside the misshapen figures in Venezuela and Argentina, where there is a huge difficulty in believing in data, especially considering the dire state of both countries, but we include both cases to show that stocks became virtually the only option of investment for them.

In a "normal" scenario, Japan and its stimulus plan would be the first place and our almost neighbor Chile makes us company downstairs.

Venezuela - IBVC  485,70%
Argentina - MERVAL  92,48%
Japan - NIKKEI 225  59,85%
United Arab Emirates - ADX General  57,29%
Pakistan - KSE100  50,47%
Nigeria - NSE 30  40,66%
Ireland - ISEQ  33,10%
Denmark - OMX Copenhagen  25,72%
Egypt - EGX30  25,18%
Saudi Arabia - TASI  24,42%
Germany - DAX  24,26%
United States - Dow Jones  24,02%
Greece - ASE  23,99%
Finland - HEX25  23,81%
Norway - OBX  21,28%
Sweden - OMX 30  19,19%
Switzerland - SMI  17,67%
Spain - IBEX 35  17,58%
Belgium - BEL20  16,57%
Euro Area - EURO STOXX 50  15,95%
Portugal - PSI20  15,76%
Israel - TA-25  15,60%
France - CAC 40  15,40%
Australia - S&P/ASX 200  14,93%
Netherlands - AEX  14,80%
Italy - FTSE MIB  14,47%
South Africa - FTSE/JSE  14,20%
Taiwan - TWSE  12,22%
United Kingdom - FTSE 100  12,17%
Malaysia - FTSE KLCI  10,12%
India - SENSEX  9,59%
Canada - S&P/TSX  8,71%
Poland - WIG  8,18%
Austria - WBI  3,30%
Hong Kong - HSI  2,83%
Russia - MICEX  2,41%
South Korea - KOSPI  1,00%
Philippines - PSEi  0,53%
Singapore - STI  -1,30%
Indonesia - JCI  -1,59%
Mexico - IPC  -2,36%
China - SSE Composite  -3,21%
Thailand - SET  -3,61%
Czech Republic - SE PX  -5,15%
Colombia - IGBC  -10,63%
Turkey - XU100  -11,94%
Chile - IGPA  -13,72%
Brazil - BOVESPA  -15,82%

Ibovespa: A Nightmare For Investors In Brazil And Abroad
Ibovespa: A Nightmare For Investors In Brazil And Abroad

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