As every forex trader knows by now, on Tuesday, January 9th the Bank of Japan (BoJ) slowed down its purchase of bonds with more than 10 years maturity. The yields of these bonds ticked up and only hit one-month highs, but that was enough to send shudders through the market in a scramble to speculate on the BoJ’s intentions. Given strong economic growth around the globe and a Nikkei that just hit a 26-year high, the BoJ is increasingly the laggard among its peers in monetary policy. The initiation of catch-up could translate into a tremendous rally in the yen. The rally in the yen so far this week is like a prelude of what could happen when a tightening cycle finally gets going. Yet, zooming out, the rally in the yen has so far failed to break new technical ground.
The U.S. dollar and the Japanese yen have battled it out in a wide range for much of 2017. Starting in September that range tightened. This week’s rally in the yen has so far stopped neatly on top of the USD/JPY 200DMA.
The British pound has trended upward against the Japanese yen in volatile fashion. The recent rally in the yen stopped neatly on top of the GBP/JPY 50DMA so far.
The Australian dollar broke out against the Japanese yen last month. Unlike other yen pairs, AUD/JPY has already bounced back sharply with the uptrending 20DMA only briefly punctured.
The stakes are high for a BoJ guessing game on the tightening of monetary policy in Japan. For example, speculators are sitting on a large pile of net short contracts. So it is not surprising that this week’s reaction to the BoJ’s bond moves was so sharp and abrupt.
Speculators have spent the majority of the last 4+ years net bearish against the Japanese yen. Current positioning remains near the peak in net shorts contracts.
In the meantime, traders should watch carefully for BoJ news and economic reports. The bond buying will of course receive a lot more scrutiny. Bloomberg provided a handy guide for January that I reproduce below:
Date, Time(Tokyo): Event
Jan. 11, 10:10 a.m.: BOJ bond-buying operation: 1~10 year maturities
Jan. 15, 10:10 a.m.: BOJ bond-buying operation: maturities of more than 5 years
Jan. 15: Kuroda speaks at BOJ branch manager meeting
Jan. 17, 10:10 a.m.: BOJ bond-buying operation: 1~5 year maturities
Jan. 19, 10:10 a.m.: BOJ bond-buying operation: maturities of more than 5 years
Jan. 23, Late a.m. to early p.m.: BOJ policy decision released, along with quarterly economic outlook report
Jan. 24, 10:10 a.m.: BOJ bond-buying operation: 1~10 year maturities
Jan. 26, 10:10 a.m.: BOJ bond-buying operation: 1~5 year maturities, and more than 10 years
Jan. 29, 10:10 a.m.: BOJ bond-buying operation: 5~10 year maturities
Jan. 31: Deputy Governor Kikuo Iwata speech and briefing with reporters
Jan. 31, 5 p.m.: Bond-purchase plan for coming month released
Late January: Potential appearances from BOJ officials at parliament.
Be careful out there!
Full disclosure: long AUD/JPY, short GBP/JPY
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