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Did Markets Misread Powell’s Post-Fed Comments?

By Faraday Research (Matthew Weller)Stock MarketsJan 09, 2019 03:14PM ET
www.investing.com/analysis/did-markets-misread-powells-postfed-comments-200374173
Did Markets Misread Powell’s Post-Fed Comments?
By Faraday Research (Matthew Weller)   |  Jan 09, 2019 03:14PM ET
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The minutes from each Federal Reserve meeting are released three weeks after the meeting itself, meaning that they’re generally stale under the best of circumstances.

That sentiment is especially true this time around following the massive outbreak of volatility around the holiday period, when the S&P 500 fell 8% in the four days following the Fed’s December meeting…only to rally back 10% off those lows as of writing. In the interim, Fed Chairman Powell walked back his post-meeting comments, noting that the central bank will be “patient” in its approach to monetary policy, that there is “no preset path for raising rates” or adjusting the balance sheet and that he was “listening very carefully” to markets.

Despite that disclaimer, Wednesday’s FOMC minutes still contained some valuable nuggets about the central bank’s plans heading into 2019 and beyond. Below are the major headlines from the minutes (emphasis is mine):

  • MANY FED POLICYMAKERS SAID FED COULD AFFORD TO BE PATIENT ABOUT FURTHER POLICY TIGHTENING GIVEN MUTED INFLATION PRESSURES
  • A FEW OFFICIALS FAVORED NO RATE INCREASE AT DEC. MEETING
  • FED OFFICIALS SAW EXTENT, TIMING OF FUTURE HIKES AS LESS CLEAR
  • SOME OFFICIALS NOTED DOWNSIDE RISKS MAY HAVE INCREASED
  • FED DISCUSSED RESERVES OPTIONS INCLUDING IOER, REDEMPTION PACE

In essence, the central bank is suggesting that monetary policy will be increasingly flexible and “data dependent” moving forward, in contrast to the relatively formulaic one-hike-per-quarter pace that we saw through 2018. Furthermore, the discussion around IOER and redemption pace suggests that the balance sheet winddown is not on “autopilot,” as many traders feared.

The Powell Put

Given the tone of these minutes and recent policymaker comments, we can conclude that markets interpreted Fed Chairman Powell’s post-meeting press conference incorrectly; in other words, the “Powell Put” may still be in force, with the central bank remaining hyper conscious of market volatility when setting policy. The market tail continues to wag the Fed dog.

As of writing, the CME’s FedWatch tool shows that traders are pricing in an 85% chance that interest rates remain at or below current levels through the entire year, so the central bank (and the US economy more broadly) has plenty of work to do if we’re going to see much in the way of interest rate increases this year.

Market Reaction

Risk appetite saw a slight boost following the release of the minutes, with major US stock indices now trading back above pre-Fed-meeting levels. The S&P 500 is now testing a key level of previous-support-turned-resistance at 2600, which could determine whether the next 100 points are to the upside or downside heading into Q4 earnings season.

Meanwhile, the US dollar was the worst-performing major currency on the day (see yesterday’s article, “US Dollar: Why 2019 Could Break Bulls’ Hearts” for more on the longer-term outlook for the greenback).

Daily S&P 500
Daily S&P 500

Source: TradingView, FOREX.com

Cheers

Did Markets Misread Powell’s Post-Fed Comments?
 
Did Markets Misread Powell’s Post-Fed Comments?

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ckcj cjcj
Displayname123 Jan 10, 2019 5:12AM ET
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yes
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Vinoda Mukar
Vinoda Mukar Jan 09, 2019 11:33PM ET
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Powell Put would work as long as there is low inflation
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Earl Fridley
Earl Fridley Jan 09, 2019 5:07PM ET
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Feels like the market is in a catch 22.  If we keep rallying from here Fed will interpret as all clear for more hikes. If we go back to the December lows Fed will have to pause.
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Vinoda Mukar
Vinoda Mukar Jan 09, 2019 5:07PM ET
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All boil down to Inflation
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